Districts & Townships of the Greater Manchester Metropolitan County

An alphabetical listing of townships, Civil Parishes, Ecclesiastical Parishes, Boroughs, Rural and Urban Districts, localities, villages, counties and hamlets lying within, or formally within, the Greater Manchester Metropolitan County, including the origins of place names. Much of this information was gathered from the Domesday Survey of 1086 and other subsequent records and from Greater Manchester County Record Office – for more information on the latter, visit the website at: https://www.gmcro.co.uk/

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O

OFFERTON: Probably
meaning “town or dwelling of a man called Offa” in Old English.
This township was once in Cheshire. It was in Stockport Ecclesiastical
Parish and in the Stockport Poor Law Union. In 1900 it became part
of Hazel Grove and Bramhall Urban District. Now part of Stockport
Metropolitan Borough.

OLDHAM:
From the Old English “ald” and the Old Scandinavian “holme” and meaning “old promontory or outcrop”, possibly describing the town’s hilltop defensive position. Oldham was originally a Civil Parish in Lancashire. It was also in Prestwich with Oldham Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Oldham Poor Law Union.

In 1826 commissioners for the improvement of the town of Oldham were established. In 1849 the area of the to ship became a Borough and in 1850 the Borough Council obtained the powers of the improvement commissioners. In 1880 parts of Chadderton and Ashton under Lyne townships were added to the Borough and part of the Hollinwood area within the Borough was added to Chadderton township. In 1889 it became a County Borough. In 1951 parts of Alt, Bardsley and Woodhouses Civil Parishes were added to the Borough. In 1954 other parts of these same Civil Parishes were added to it. In 1974 it became part of Oldham Metropolitan Borough. The Metropolitan Borough was formed in 1974 from the following local government areas: Oldham County Borough; Chadderton, Crompton, Failsworth, Lees and Royton Urban Districts of, Lancashire and Saddleworth Urban District from the West Riding of Yorkshire.

See also Oldham – Main Entry.

OPENSHAW: In
Old English “shawe” described a small wood or copse – hence, possibly “a small opening in a wood or copse”. This township was formerly in Lancashire, in Manchester Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Chorlton Poor Law Union from 1837-1915, and in Manchester Poor Law Union from 1915-30. In 1863 Openshaw Local Board of Health was established. In 1889 part of Droylsden was added to it. In 1890 the township became part of the City of Manchester.

See also Openshaw – Main Entry.

ORDSALL:
Locality in Salford township.

ORRELL:
This township (also known as Orrell in Makerfield to distinguish it
from the Orrell), subsequently a Civil Parish, near Sefton, was in
Lancashire. It was in Wigan Ecclesiastical Parish and in Wigan Poor
Law Union. In 1872 Orrell Local Board of Health was established for
the area of the township. In 1894 the area of the Local Board became
an Urban District. In 1974 the Urban District became part of Wigan
Metropolitan Borough.

OUTWOOD:
From the Old English, literally meaning “outlying wood”
or possibly “wood on the outskirts of a town or parish”.
This township or Civil Parish was formed in 1894 from the area of
Pilkington township. It was in Bury Poor Law Union. In 1933 Outwood
Civil Parish was dissolved and its area divided between Kearsley,
Radcliffe and ‘Whitefield Urban Districts. Now part of Bury Metropolitan
Borough.

OVER HULTON:
This Civil Parish was in Lancashire. It was in Deane Ecclesiastical
Parish and in Bolton Poor Law Union. In 1898 part (Daubhill area)
was added to Bolton Borough and the remainder was added to Westhoughton
Urban District. Now in Bolton Metropolitan Borough.

P

PARBOLD:
Old English placename meaning “dwelling where pears grow”.
This Civil Parish was in Wigan Rural District, Lancashire. In 1974
the Rural District was dissolved and Parbold became part of West Lancashire
District.

PARKFIELD:
Locality in Middleton township, part of Rochdale Metropolitan Borough.

PARTINGTON:
Old English ” Paerta ” + ” ing ” + ” tun “,
meaning “land or estate belonging to a man called Paerta”.
Known by 1260 as ” Partinton “. This township was originally
in Cheshire in Bowdon Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Bucklow Poor
Law Union (which was called Altrincham Union until 1895). In 1920
there was an exchange of areas with Irlam Urban District and part
of Partington was added to Rixton with Glazebrook Civil Parish, Lancashire.
In 1974 it became part of Trafford Metropolitan Borough.

PATRICROFT:
Placename probably referred to an obscure “croft” or farm
house belonging to a man called Patrick. Locality in Barton upon Irwell
township, subsequently in Eccles Borough. Now in Salford Metropolitan
Borough.

PEMBERTON:
This township originally was in Lancashire in Wigan Ecclesiastical
Parish and in the Wigan Poor Law Union. In 1872 Pemberton Local Board
of Health was established . In 1894 it became an Urban District. In
1904 the Urban District was dissolved and its area became part of
Wigan Borough.

PENDLEBURY:
From the Old English meaning “manor house or fort by the hill
called Penn” possibly from the Celtic word ” penn ”
meaning “hill”, (hence – Pendle Hill). This township was
formerly in Lancashire in Eccles Ecclesiastical Parish and in the
Salford Poor Law Union. A detached part of the township situated between
Pendleton and Salford townships and formerly known as Shoresworth,
became in 1853 part of Salford Borough and in 1883 was added to Pendleton
township. In 1867 the remainder of Pendlebury township was included
in the area of Swinton Local Board of Health. Now in Salford Metropolitan
Borough.

PENDLETON:
Similar to Pendlebury above, meaning “a town or habitation on
a hill called Penn”. This township was formerly in Lancashire
in Eccles Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Salford Poor Law Union.
In 1853 it became part of Salford Borough. In 1883 a small detached
part (known as Shoresworth and included in Salford Borough from 1853)
of Pendlebury township was added to Pendleton township. In 1892 there
was an exchange of areas (Davyhulme area) with Barton upon Irwell
township. In 1961 a part of Eccles Borough was added to the Pendleton
area. Now wholly within Salford Metropolitan Borough.

PENNINGTON:
From the Old English and meaning “a farmstead or small holding
paying a penny rent”. This township was once in Lancashire in
Leigh Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Leigh Poor Law Union. In 1863
Pennington Local Board of Health was established. In 1875 it became
part of that of Leigh Local Board of Health. Now in Wigan Metropolitan
Borough.

PIGS LEE:
Literally meaning “a clearing for pigs”. Locality in Walmersley
with Shuttleworth township, subsequently in Bury Borough.

PILKINGTON:
This township was once in Lancashire in Prestwich with Oldham Ecclesiastical
Parish and in Bury Poor Law Union. In 1866 Whitefield Local Board
of Health was established for part of the area of Pilkington township.
In 1885 part of the township was included in Bury Borough. In 1894
the township was dissolved and its area divided between Bury Borough,
Radcliffe Urban District, Whitefield Urban District, Outwood township
and Unsworth township. Now wholly within Bury Metropolitan Borough.

PILSWORTH:
Obscure placename, probably from the Old English meaning “land
or enclosure belonging to a man called Pils”. This was a parish
in Lancashire, in Middleton Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Bury
Poor Law Union. In 1867 part of it was included in the Heywood Local
Board of Health and in 1879 another part; in 1881 these areas became
part of Heywood Borough. In 1872 part of it was included in the area
of Bury improvement commissioners and in 1876 became part of Bury
Borough. In 1894 the township was dissolved and its area divided between
Bury Borough, Heywood Borough and Unsworth township. Now within Bury
Metropolitan Borough.

PLATT:
Locality in Rusholme township in the City of Manchester.

POLEFIELD:
Probably an Old English corruption of “pool field” – a field
with a pool. Locality in Prestwich township in Bury Metropolitan Borough.

PORTWOOD:
Locality in Brinnington township, subsequently in Stockport Borough.
Placename probably means “wood belonging to the township”.

PRESTOLEE:
Locality in Farnworth and Kearsley townships of Bolton Metropolitan
Borough.

PRESTWICH:
From 2 Old English words “prest” (priest) and “wich”
(field or farm) – hence “farm of the priest(s)”. This Civil
Parish was formerly in Lancashire in Prestwich with Oldham Ecclesiastical
Parish and in Manchester Poor Law Union from 1841-50, in Prestwich
Poor Law Union from 1850-1915, and in Manchester Poor Law Union from
1915-30. In 1867 Prestwich Local Board of Health was established.
In 1894 Prestwich Urban District was formed from this area and from
parts of Great Heaton and Little Heaton townships. In 1903 part (Heaton
Park area) of the Urban District was added to the City of Manchester.
In 1933 a small part of the Urban District (west of the River Irwell)
was added to Swinton and Pendlebury Urban District. In 1939 the Urban
District became a Borough. In 1974 Prestwich became part of Bury Metropolitan
Borough.

Q

QUICK:
Another, earlier name for Saddleworth township.

QUICKMERE:
Locality in Saddleworth township.

R

RADCLIFFE:
An Old English placename meaning “red cliff or bank”. Entry
in the Domesday Book of 1086 describes it as ” Radecluie “.
This township, which was also an ancient Ecclesiastical Parish, was
originally in Lancashire. It was in Bury Poor Law Union. In 1866 Radcliffe
Local Board of Health was established. In 1872 part of the township
was included in the area of Bury improvement commissioners. In 1894
Radcliffe Urban District was formed from the area of the Local Board
and parts of Elton and Pilkington townships. In 1896 part of the Urban
District was added to Whitefield Urban District. In 1911 part of it
was added to Bury Borough. In 1933 Ainsworth Civil Parish and part
of Outwood Civil Parish were added to the Urban District and there
was an exchange of areas with Bury Borough. In 1935 the Urban District
became a Borough. In 1974 the Borough became part of Bury Metropolitan
Borough.

RAIN SHORE:
Locality in Spotland township.

RAKEWOOD:
Locality in Blatchinworth and Calderbrook township.

RAMSBOTTOM:
By 1324 known as ” Romesbothum ” from the Old English,
2 possible meanings – “valley of the ram” (most probable)
or “where the wild garlick grows”. In 1864 Ramsbottom Local
Board of Health was formed from an area in Tottington Lower End township.
For this. In 1883 parts of Elton, Tottington Higher End and Walmersley
with Shuttleworth were added to the area of the Local Board. In 1894
the area of the Local Board became Ramsbottom Urban District. It was
in Bury Poor Law Union. In 1933 parts of Bury Borough and Walmersley
with Shakerley Civil Parish were added to the Urban District. In 1974
the Urban District was dissolved; part (Central, East, South and West
wards) was included in Bury Metropolitan Borough (Greater Manchester
County), the remainder in Rossendale District (Lancashire).

REDDISH:
Known by 1212 as ” Rediche ” from Old English words
meaning “reed or reedy ditch”. This township or Civil Parish
was in Lancashire. It was in Manchester Ecclesiastical Parish and
in Stockport Poor Law Union. In 1881 Reddish Local Board of Health
was formed for the area of the township. In 1894 the area of the Local
Board became an Urban District. In 1901 the Urban District became
part of Stockport Borough.

RED LUMB:
Locality in Spotland township.

REDVALES:
Locality in Bury township.

RIDGE HILL:
Locality in Ashton under Lyne and Stalybridge Boroughs. – now in Tameside
Metropolitan Borough.

RINGLEY:
Locality in Pilkington township, subsequently in Kearsley and Outwood.

RINGWAY:
This was an area in Hale township in Cheshire. Hale township was in
Bowdon Ecclesiastical Parish and in Bucklow Poor Law Union (which
was called Altrincham Union until 1895). In 1900 the Ringway area
became a separate Civil Parish called Ringway (also in Bucklow Poor
Law Union). In 1936 part of it was added to Hale Urban District. In
1974 its remaining area became part of the City of Manchester. For
many years and until quite recently, Manchester
Airport
was known as Ringway, the last surviving vestige of the
district’s name.

RISLEY:
Locality in Culcheth township. From the Old English meaning “brushwood
clearing”. Known by 1284 as ” Ryslegh “

ROCHDALE:
Appeared in the Domesday Book of 1086 as ” Recedham “,
and known as ” Rachedal ” by 1195. The placename means
“the valley or dale of the River Roche”. A township which
can date its ancestry back as far as the Middle Ages. In 1825 commissioners
were established for the improvement of the town. The area assigned
to them was a circle within a radius of three quarters of a mile from
the old market place; this included parts of Castleton, Wuerdle and
Wardle, Spotland and Wardleworth townships. These four townships were
all in Rochdale Ecclesiastical Parish. In 1856 the town was made a
Borough and in 1858 the Borough Council obtained the powers and property
of the improvement commissioners. It was in Rochdale Poor Law Union.
In 1872 the remaining area of Wardleworth township and parts of Castleton,
Wuerdle and Wardle, Spotland and Butterworth townships were added
to the Borough. In 1889 the Borough became a County Borough. In 1900
most of Castleton Urban District was added to the Borough; this Urban
District had included parts of Castleton, Hopwood and Thornham townships.
In 1933 parts of Norden Urban District and Birtle with Bamford Civil
Parish were added to the Borough. In 1974 it became part of Rochdale
Metropolitan Borough. Rochdale Metropolitan Borough was formed in
1974 from the areas of Rochdale County Borough; Heywood and Middleton
Municipal Boroughs and Littleborough, Milnrow and Wardle Urban Districts
of Lancashire.
See also Rochdale – Main Entry.

ROMILEY:
The Domesday Survey of 1086 called the place ” Rumelie ”
(roomy lea) meaning “a spacious woodland clearing”. This
Parish was once in Cheshire, in Stockport Ecclesiastical Parish and
in the Stockport Poor Law Union. In 1880 it was included in the area
of Bredbury and Romiley Local Board of Health and in 1894 in Bredbury
and Romiley Urban District. Now part of Stockport Metropolitan Borough.

ROOLEY MOOR:
Locality in Spotland township.

ROWLANDS:
Obscure placename, possibly indicating that the land once belonged
to a man called Roland. Locality in Walmersley with Shuttleworth township,
also known as part of the Brooksbottom area or as part of the Summerseat
area of Bury Metropolitan Borough.

ROYTON:
Old English meaning “a place or farmstead where rye corn is grown”.
This township was originally in Lancashire in Prestwich with Oldham
Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Oldham Poor Law Union. In 1863 Royton
Local Board of Health was formed and in 1879 part of Thornham township
was included within the area. In 1894 it became an Urban District.
In 1933 part of Middleton Borough was added to it. In 1974 it became
part of Oldham Metropolitan Borough.

RUMWORTH:
This township was formerly in Lancashire in Deane Ecclesiastical Parish
and in the Bolton Poor Law Union. In 1872 part of it was added to
Bolton Borough In 1894 the remainder was renamed Deane township or
Civil Parish. In 1898 Deane Civil Parish became part of Bolton Borough.

RUSHOLME:
By 1235 known as ” Russu m”, from the Old English meaning
“a place where rushes grow”. This township was formerly
in Lancashire in Manchester Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Chorlton
Poor Law Union from 1837-1915, and in Manchester Poor Law Union from
1915-30. In 1851 Rusholme Local Board of Health was established In
1856 a small detached part of Moss Side township and in 1882 part
of Withington township was included in the area of the Local Board.
In 1885 the area of the Local Board became part of the City of Manchester.
See also Rusholme – Main Entry.

S

SADDLEWORTH:
By the late 12th century it was known as ” Sadelwrth “,
from the Old English, meaning “land or enclosure on a saddle-shaped
hill”. Saddleworth (also known as Quick or Saddleworth with Quick)
township or Civil Parish was in originally wholly within the West
Riding of Yorkshire. (Saddleworth chapelry was in Rochdale Ecclesiastical
Parish which, except for this chapelry, was in Lancashire). Saddleworth
township was in Saddleworth Poor Law Union. In 1864 the Lower Division
of Qulckmere was included within the area of the Mossley Local Board
of Health and in 1885 in the area of Mossley Borough; in 1889 Mossley
Borough was included wholly in Lancashire. In 1864 a Local Board of
Health for the Middle Division of Qulckmere (later Springhead) was
established and in 1868 Uppermill Local Board of Health for the Uppermill
area in the township. The rest of the township became from 1876 Saddleworth
Rural Sanitary District. In 1974 Saddleworth Urban District became
part of Oldham Metropolitan Borough.

SALE: Meaning
“the place of the sallow (or willow) tree(s)”, the name
is known back as far as c1205. (Sallow = “salix”
– Latin name of the willow tree). This township was in Cheshire. It
was in Ashton upon Mersey Ecclesiastical Parish and in Bucklow Poor
Law Union (which was called Altrincham Union until 1895). In 1867
Sale Local Board of Health was established for the area of the township.
In 1894 the area of the Board became an Urban District. In 1908 a
part of it was added to Ashton upon Mersey Urban District in widening
a road for tramways. In 1930 Ashton upon Mersey Urban District was
added to it. In 1935 Sale Urban District became a Municipal Borough.
In 1936 a part of Timperley was added to the Borough. In 1974 it became
part of Trafford Metropolitan Borough.

SALFORD:
Meaning “the ford where willow trees grow”. As in Sale (above)
the “Sal” part of the name refers to the Sallow or willow
trees, while the “ford” affix refers to the shallow crossing
of the River Irwell which Agricola’s troops made here, and went on
to found the fort at Mamuciam (sometimes ‘Mamucium’) – later to become
Manchester. Known already as Salford in the great Domesday Survey
of 1086. The town of Salford was given a charter by Ranulph de Blundeville,
Earl of Chester, 1230-32, but it was not recognised as a borough in
the Municipal Corporations Act of 1833. Salford was then in Lancashire.
It was in Manchester Ecclesiastical Parish and in Salford Poor Law
Union. In 1792 police commissioners were established for the area.
In 1844 Salford Borough, comprising Salford township and part of Broughton
township was established in place of the police commissioners. In
1853 Pendleton township, the remaining area of Broughton township
and a small detached part (formerly known as Shoresworth and added
to Pendleton township in 1883) of Pendlebury township were added to
the Borough. In 1889 it became a County Borough. In 1892 there was
an exchange of areas between Pendleton township and Barton upon Irwell
township (in Davyhulme area). In 1926 the Borough received the title
of City. In 1961 a very small part of Eccles Borough was added to
it. In 1974 it became part of Salford Metropolitan District. Salford
Hundred, also known as “Salford wapentake” and “Salfordshire”, occupied
the south-east part of Lancashire. It was a subdivision of the county
used especially in some matters of taxation and justice. It also had
a “court” used for various transactions of public business and cases
of small debts. Exceptionally for hundred courts, that for Salford
Hundred survived until the nineteenth century. Salford Metropolitan
District (which received the title of City of Salford with effect
from 1974) in Greater Manchester County was formed from the following
areas: City of Salford (County Borough), Eccles Municipal Borough,
Swinton and Pendlebury Municipal Borough, Irlam and Worsley Urban
District of, Lancashire.
See also Salford – Main Entry.

SCHOLES:
A common Old English placename in the north of England. Meaning “temporary
huts” or “sheds”, derived initially from the old Scandinavian
word ” scali” . Locality in Wigan township.

SCHOOL HILL:
Locality in Little Bolton township.

SEDGELEY PARK:
Sedgeley probably refers to an old English placename meaning “woodland
clearing belonging to a man called Secg”, and the word Park possibly
indicates that it was later enclosed by a strong wall or fence in
order to privatise it. Locality in Prestwich township, formerly just
known as Sedgeley.

SHAKERLEY:
Locality in Tyldesley with Shakerley township.

SHARPLES:
This township was originally in Lancashire in Bolton (or Bolton le
Moors) Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Bolton Poor Law Union. In
1885 part of Little Bolton township was added to Sharples township.
In 1864 the southern part of Sharples township, together with part
of Little Bolton township, became part of the area of Astley Bridge
Local Board of Health; in 1894 this area became Astley Bridge Urban
District and in 1898 this Urban District became part of Bolton Borough.
The northern part of Sharples township, known from 1894 as Belmont
township or Civil Parish, was in Bolton Rural District from 1894 to
1898; in 1898 it became part of Turton Urban District and when the
Urban District was divided in 1974, this area became part of Blackburn
District in Lancashire.

SHAWCLOUGH:
Locality in Spotland township. Shaw is an Old English word for a small
wood or copse, and this name probably means simply “a small wood
on a cliff or outcrop”.

SHAWFIELD:
Locality in Spotland township.

SHEVINGTON:
By 1225 this township was known as ” Shefinton ” and
is derived in two parts from the Celtic ” cevn ” meaning
a ridge and from the Old English ” tun ” meaning a
town or farmstead. Literally meaning is “a farmstead on a ridge”.
This township was once in Lancashire in Standish Ecclesiastical Parish
and in the Wigan Poor Law Union. In 1974 it became part of Wigan Metropolitan
Borough.

SHORE:
Locality in Blatchinworth and Calderbrook township. From the Old English
simply meaning “a steep place”.

SHORESWORTH:
As above with the affix “worth” meaning an enclosure
or pasture – literally the enclosure in the steep place”. Former
name of detached part of Pendlebury township situated between Pendleton
and Salford townships. In 1853 it became part of Salford Borough and
in 1883 it was added to Pendleton township.

SHUTTLEWORTH:
Locality in Walmersley with Shuttleworth township.

SIMISTER:
Locality in Little Heaton township of Prestwich in Bury Metropolitan
Borough.

SLATTOCKS:
Locality in Thornham township.

SMALLBRIDGE:
Locality in Wuerdle and Wardle township.

SMITHILLS:
Locality in the Bolton Metropolitan Borough.

SMITHYBRIDGE:
Locality in Butterworth township.

SNYDALE: Locality
in Westhoughton township, in Bolton Metropolitan Borough.

SOUTH MANCHESTER:
This township was formed in 1896 for Poor Law purposes from the areas
of the following townships or Civil Parishes in Chorlton Union: Ardwick,
Chorlton upon Medlock, Hulme, Openshaw and Rusholme (together with
West Gorton which had been separated from Gorton township in 1894),
In 1910 were added to the township of South Manchester the remaining
townships or Civil Parishes in Chorlton Union, namely Moss Side, Levenshulme,
Didsbury, Gorton, Burnage, Withington and Chorlton cum Hardy. Now
virtually non-existent as a defined district and the name has all
but ceased to be used except in the most general of terms.

SPOTLAND:
This township was originally in Lancashire. It was in Rochdale Ecclesiastical
Parish and in the Rochdale Poor Law Union. In 1825 part of the township
was included in the area and in 1856 became part of Rochdale Borough.
In 1872 another part of the township was added to Rochdale Borough.
In 1863 the Brandwood area of the township was included in the area
of Bacup Local Board of Health and in 1882 became part of Bacup Borough.
In 1874 the Whitworth area of the township was included in the area
of Whitworth Local Board of Health. In 1878 the Norden area of the
township was included in the area of the Norden Local Board of Health.
In 1894 the township was dissolved and its area divided between Rochdale
Borough, Bacup Borough, Norden Urban District and Whitworth Urban
District.

SPRINGHEAD:
In 1864 a Local Board of Health was established for the Middle Division
of Quickmere (later Springhead) in Saddleworth. In 1894 the area of
this Local Board became Springhead Urban District. In 1937 Springhead
Urban District was added to Saddleworth Urban District.

STALYBRIDGE:
By the 13th century known as ” Stauelegh ” and as Stalybridge
from about 1687. Literally meaning “the place where wood staves
are got” from the Old English – the Bridge affix came much later,
indicating it as a major crossing over the River Tame. The town of
Stalybridge was partly in’ Ashton under Lyne township (Lancashire)
and partly in Stayley township (Cheshire). In 1830 commissioners for
the improvement of the town were established. In 1857 Stalybridge
Borough was established comprising parts of the townships of Ashton
under Lyne (Lancashire), Stayley (Cheshire) and Dukinfield (Cheshire).
In 1881 parts of Ashton under Lyne and Stayley townships were added
to the Borough. In 1889 the whole area of the Borough was included
in Cheshire. It was in Ashton under Lyne Poor Law Union. In 1936 part
of Matley Civil Parish was added to the Borough. In 1974 it became
part of Tameside Metropolitan Borough.

STAND:
Placename probably from the Old English and simply meaning “stony”.
Locality in the Pilkington area, subsequently in Whitefield Urban
District and now part of Bury Metropolitan Borough. Little effectively
remains of this as a defined district, having been subsumed into Whitefield,
and the name only survives in a few instances (Stand Golf Club, Stand
Lane, Stand Church and until recently Stand Grammar School – now demolished).

STANDISH WITH
LANGTREE
: Standish is from and Old English expression and means
“stony pasture”. Langtree simply means “long tree”.
Standish and Langtree were sometimes considered separate townships
but by the mid nineteenth century were regarded as a single entity,
known as Standish with Langtree , Lancashire. It was in Standish Ecclesiastical
Parish and in the Wigan Poor Law Union. In 1872 Standish with Langtree
Local Board of Health was established for the area of this township.
In 1894 the area became an Urban District. In 1974 the Urban District
became part of Wigan Metropolitan Borough.

STAYLEY: This
Civil Parish, also known as Staley or Staveley, was in Cheshire. It
was in Mottram in Longdendale Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Ashton
under Lyne Poor Law Union. In 1857 part of it was included in Stalybridge
Borough. In 1864 another part was included in the area of Mossley
Local Board of Health and in 1885 became part of Mossley Borough.
In 1881 the remaining area of Stayley township was included in Stalybridge
Borough, now part of Tameside Metropolitan Borough.

STOCKPORT:
From the Old English, the placename was ” Stokeport ”
by c1170, and possibly means “market place at an outlying hamlet”
though other alternative explanations have been offered. The town
of Stockport received a charter from Robert de Stockport, c.1220.
It was first recognised as a borough in the Municipal Corporations
Act of 1835. Its area in that year was defined as the area of Stockport
township or Civil Parish (Cheshire) and parts of the townships or
Civil Parishes of Heaton Norris (Lancashire Brinnington, Cheadle Bulkeley
and Cheadle Moseley (Cheshire). From 1826 to 1836 the commissioners
of police had certain powers for improving the area of Stockport township.
Stockport township was in Stockport Ecclesiastical Parish and in the
Stockport Poor Law Union. In 1889 the Borough became a County Borough
In 1901 certain other districts were added to the borough, notably;
Reddish Urban District, Lancashire, parts of Hazel Grove and Bramhall
Urban District, Bredbury and Romiley Urban District, Cheadle and Gatley
Urban District and Brinnington township, Cheshire, and part of Heaton
Norris Urban District, Lancashire. In 1913 most of Heaton Norris Urban
District was added to the Borough, in 1935 part of Hazel Grove and
Bramhall Urban District, in 1936 part of Bredbury and Romiley Urban
District and in 1952 another part of Bredbury and Romiley Urban District.
In 1937 there was an exchange of very small areas with Denton Urban
District, Lancashire. In 1974 it became part of Stockport Metropolitan
Borough. The former Civil Parish of Stockport Etchells was in Cheshire,
in Stockport Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Stockport Poor Law Union.
It included the Gatley area. In 1886 it was included in the area of
Cheadle and Gatley Local Board of Health and in 1894 in Cheadle and
Gatley Urban District. The present Metropolitan Borough of Stockport
was formed in 1974 from the following local government areas: Stockport
County Borough; Bredbury and Romiley, Cheadle and Gatley, Hazel Grove
and Bramhall Marple Urban Districts all formerly in Cheshire. In 1894
the Stockport Rural District had been composed of the following townships:
Bosden, Bramhall, Brinnington (part), Handforth, Norbury, Offerton,
Torkington and Werneth (part only, renamed Compstall in 1897). In
1904 the Rural District was dissolved.
See also Stockport – Main Entry.

STONECLOUGH:
Locality in Kearsley township.

STRETFORD:
Known by this name since 1212, and simply meaning a straight ford
or Roman river crossing. This township was originally in Lancashire.
Was in Manchester Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Chorlton Poor Law
Union, from 1837-49 and in Barton upon Irwell Poor Law Union from
1849-1930. In 1868 Stretford Local Board of Health was established
and in 1894 the area of the Board became an Urban District. In 1933
part of Davyhulme Civil Parish was added to it and part of it was
added to Urmston Urban District. In 1933 it also became a Borough.
In 1974 it became part of Trafford Metropolitan Borough.

SUMMERSEAT:
Known from 1556 as ” Summersett ” and meaning ”
a hut or shelter used in summertime”. Locality in Elton and Walmersley
with Shuttleworth townships. The part in Walmersley with Shuttleworth
township was formerly also known as Brooksbottom or Rowlands, the
northern part of the Brooksbottom area being situated in Tottington
Lower End township.

SUMMIT:
The name of 1). A locality in Heap township, subsequently in Heywood
Borough and 2). A locality in Blatchinworth and Calderbrook township,
subsequently in Littleborough Urban District.

SWINTON & PENDLEBURY:
The origin of the name Swinton is somewhat obscure, though in Old
English it simply meant “a farmstead or place where pigs (swine)
are kept”. Pendlebury is Old English meaning “manor house
or fortified place by a hill”. “Penn ” is an
old Celtic word meaning “Hill”. Placenames ending in “bury”
indicate a fortified manor or stronghold. In 1867 Swinton Local Board
of Health (from 1869 Swinton and Pendlebury Local Board of Health)
was established for the Swinton area of Worsley township and for the
part of Pendlebury township outside Salford Borough. In 1894 the part
of Worsley township within the area of the Local Board became a separate
township (called Swinton township) and part of Swinton and Pendlebury
Urban District. In 1907 two small detached parts of Worsley Civil
Parish, situated within Swinton Civil Parish and thought to have been
transferred to it in 1894, were added to Swinton Civil Parish in Swinton
and Pendlebury Urban District. In 1933 most of Clifton Civil Parish,
and a small part of Prestwich Urban District (west of the River Irwell)
were added to the Urban District. In 1934 the Urban District became
a Municipal Borough. In 1955 a part of Worsley Urban District was
added to Swinton and Pendlebury Borough. In 1974 the Borough became
part of Salford Metropolitan District. Swinton is now the administrative
centre of the Borough.

SYKE: From
an old Scandinavian word ” sik ” simply meaning “stream”.
Locality in Spotland township.


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© John Moss, Papillon Graphics AD 2013 Manchester, United Kingdom – all rights reserved.
This page last updated 27 Apr 09.