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Manchester
Population: Facts & Figures


 

Population Trends in Greater
Manchester

Manchester has the largest population of all
the ten Greater Manchester districts and Bury has the smallest population.
Between 1991 and 2000 Rochdale experienced the largest population increase
with a net change of 2.9%. The population of Greater Manchester is projected
to fall by 36,300 (-1.4%) people between 2000 and 2020. All Greater
Manchester districts experience a net loss in civilian migration and
other changes, with the exception of Manchester, Rochdale and Wigan.

Population
of the Boroughs of Greater Manchester

 
1988
1993
1997
1998
1999
2000
Bolton
259,700
264,900
265,800
267,500
267,400
267,600
Bury
175,100
181,400
181,900
182,800
183,200
183,000
Manchester
439,300
432,000
427,700
429,800
431,100
439,500
Oldham
217,200
220,500
219,800
219,200
218,700
218,100
Rochdale
203,000
206,800
207,400
208,200
209,000
210,800
Salford
233,600
229,300
227,800
225,900
224,800
224,300
Stockport
287,700
291,400
291,500
292,800
291,900
291,100
Tameside
216,00
221,600
221,300
220,400
219,400
219,300
Trafford
215,700
217,800
218,700
220,300
220,200
220,100
Wigan
306,600
313,200
310,100
310,500
311,400
312,000
Greater Manchester
2,553,600
2,578,900
2,571,800
2,577,400
2,577,000
2,585,800
Source: Office of National
Statistics

Resident
Population of Manchester

By 2000, the Metropolitan County of
Greater Manchester had a resident population of around 2,585,800, which
constituted an increase of 0.34% on the previous year. This followed
a long term gradual decline in Manchester’s population, (with the exception
of a 0.5% gain in 1997-1998).
Estimates of the population in the city centre itself
have shown a gradual increase as new residential areas have been,
(and are being) created. Many long standing derelict mill and warehouse
complexes have been refurbished for living purposes over recent years.
Asking prices for luxury city centre apartments broke through the
£2 million mark in 2000. The age structure of new immigrants
(of all ethnicities) is relatively young with 41.9% of Manchester
residents aged 24 and under compared with 30.9% for England &
Wales.

2003 Population Update Revision

After several months of joint work between Manchester
City Council and the Office of National Statistics, it was announced
in December 2003 that the city’s current population was 422,300,
a total increase of 29,500 from the 2001 Census estimate. This is
an increase of 20,000 on the mid-2001 estimates and 22,000 on the
mid-2002 estimates

Ethnic
Minorities in Manchester

The inner city district of Manchester
is a multicultural centre with a significant ethnic minority comprising
12.6% of the district population. The largest group is Pakistani (3.8%).
Sizeable Pakistani populations are also to be found in the neighbouring
districts of Oldham (4.1%) and Rochdale (5.5%). A large Indian population
(5.2%) lives in neighbouring Bolton. Significantly, one in eight of
all Pakistanis and one in twelve of all Bangladeshis in Britain reside
in Greater Manchester. This cultural diversity is expected to increase
over time, given existing trends.

Work
& Employment Patterns in Manchester

More than 10% of the total working
population in the Metropolitan County are employed in the central ward
of Manchester. The 1991 Census indicates the number of jobs in the district
at 255,050 of which only 96,780 (38%) were filled by Manchester residents.
Around 158,270 people travel into the district as commuters to work
whilst 34,530 commute out of the city. The extent of these flows illustrates
the interdependence of the districts within Greater Manchester. Between
1998 and 1999 the employee base of the county out performed both the
North West government office region and Great Britain as a whole. By
1999 the Public Sector represented just over a quarter of the county’s
employee base. Manufacturing comprised under just 17% of the total employee
base in Greater Manchester. Over the longer period 1965 ­ 1998 male
employment has decreased by more than a third. The decline ceased in
1996 when male employment began to increase slightly. In contrast, female
employment had increased over the longer period but peaked in 1996.
Between 1998 and 1999, there was a significant increase in female full
time and male part time employment. Over the longer period 1965-1998,
the employee base of the inner city districts of Manchester and Salford
were hardest hit. In contrast, Stockport was the only district to expand;
these differences partly reflect a very significant increase in female
employment. At October 2001 Manchester has the highest rate of unemployment
(7.3%) and Stockport has the lowest rate of unemployment (1.8%).

Occupation
Types

The most common occupation types fall
within the clerical and secretarial sectors and account for 170,650
jobs (16.7%). Managers and administrators account for 14.1%. Manchester
has a significant financial sector with banking featuring highly amongst
employment types in the city. Manchester has the highest gross average
weekly earnings of £420.40. Oldham has the lowest gross average
weekly earnings of £345.80.

Tourism
in Manchester

Of all towns and cities in England, according to
the British Tourist Association, Manchester attracted the third highest
number of foreign visitors in 1997, boosting employment in hotels
and restaurants. The Marketing Manchester organisation reported that
in 1999 tourism contributed £1.5 billion (6% GDP) to the county
and accounted for employment of about 45,000 people. The 2002 Commonwealth
Games, which were hosted in Manchester, also generated many new hotel
developments.

Major
Employers in Manchester

Many major manufacturing companies
are based in and around the Greater Manchester area. Many are based
in neighbouring Trafford Park, including notable manufacturers like
Coats Viyella, T&N, Renold and Cirqual. In 1997, Greater Manchester
had a Gross Manufacturing Output of £19.4 billion.

Source: Office of National Statistics
– February 2002.

Manchester
Facts Continue Next Page
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© John Moss, Papillon Graphics AD 2013 Manchester, United Kingdom – all rights reserved.
This page last updated 2 Mar 09.