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Celebrity Drawings by John Moss

Politicis, Law & Social Reformers


Annie Kenney


Born at Springhead, Saddleworth, near Oldham in 1879, (then
in Yorkshire), Annie Kenney is best known as an outspoken suffragette
and companion to the
in the early 1900s. From the age of 10 she had been a cotton
mill worker in Oldham. In 1905 she joined the Women’s Social
& Political Union after hearing Christabel Pankhurst deliver
a speech on women’s rights in Oldham. From the outset she was
an active campaigner, creating uproar at a Liberal Party meeting
in Manchester’s Free
Trade Hall
in 1907 when she stood up and demanded votes
for women. She and Christabel were forcibly removed, and jailed.
They were the first suffragettes to be imprisoned for the cause.
Later, as a leading WSPU speaker, Annie moved to London, and
was jailed on numerous occasions for her protests and outspoken
By 1913 she had become a major organiser in the west of England,
and in 1914 she went to America to start the womens’ suffrage
movement in the USA. She was married to John Taylor and had
a son who flew in the RAF during the Second World War.

(Nellie) Wilkinson MP

Nellie Wilkinson


Born Ellen Cicely Wilkinson in Coral Street, Ardwick in 1891,
Nellie was a diminutive and spirited local girl who grew to
be a distinguished Trades Unionist, Member of Parliament and
Cabinet Minister. Having attended Ardwick Higher Grade School
and then Stretford Secondary School, Nellie was known as “Miss
Perky” on account of her vibrant personality, self-evident intelligence
and quick wittedness. She trained to become a teacher at Manchester
Day Training College before winning a scholarship to Manchester
University. After this she started work for the Amalgamated
Union of Co-operative Employees (later to become USDAW), and
became the national women’s organiser. By 1923 she had become
a local city councillor, and had a brief flirtation with Communism.

In 1924 she became MP for Middlesborough, which included the
Jarrow Constituency, and actually took part in the Jarrow Hunger
March to London. She was to become the Labour Party’s second
ever female Cabinet Minister and was to introduce the Hire Purchase
Trading Bill, before going on to be appointed as Minister for
She died in 1947 at the age of 56 after a bad bout of asthma,
from which she had suffered during the whole of her life. See
more of Ellen Wilkinson



Mitchell Henry was born at Ardwick in 1826, the son of a local
merchant, and is best known as the founder of the Manchester
Evening News newspaper. He was educated in London and at
University College Cambridge where he read for a degree in medicine,
eventually becoming a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons.
Upon the death of his father in 1862 he returned to his native
Manchester to run the family firm, but by 1868 he had decided
to enter politics – he was particularly keen to champion the
cause for a better health provision for the poor. After a somewhat
shaky start and poor poll positions, he stood as an independent
candidate in the first General Election after the Reform Act.
Better funded and publicised opposition candidates prompted
him to found the Manchester Evening News , helped by a
senior employee of the Manchester Guardian , which he
intended more as an organ for political self-promotion than
the long-lived newspaper which it was to become. The first evening
edition appeared on 10th October 1868 and cost �d (a ha’penny,
or half of one old penny). In the event, Henry withdrew his
candidacy from the poll, and it was to be another three years
before he was elected Member of Parliament for the County Galway
constituency of Northern Ireland. He went on to sell the MEN
to John Edward Taylor and his brother-in-law Peter Allen, who
already owned the Manchester Guardian. Henry’s parliamentary
career ended in 1886. He died in November 1910 at his home in
Leamington in Warwickshire.

Balfour MP, PM

Prime Minister Arthur Balfour

Arthur James Balfour was born in 1848 in East Lothian, Scotland
and was educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge,
before he entered the House of Commons in 1874 as Conservative
Member of Parliament for Hertford. By 1878 he had become private
secretary to the Marquess of Salisbury, (his uncle), who was
Foreign Secretary in Benjamin Disraeli’s government – Arthur
went on to succeed his uncle, who had long been his political
champion and mentor. He was also a renowned philosopher, with
respected publications such as “A Defence of Philosophic
Doubt” , ” The Foundations of Belief” , and “Theism
and Humanism” to his credit.
In the General Election of 1885 he was elected as MP for the
East Manchester constituency. Lord Salisbury, now Prime Minister,
appointed Balfour as Secretary for Scotland. He went on to occupy
several other government posts during the next few years including
Chief Secretary of Ireland in 1887, First Lord of the Treasury
in 1892 and leader of the House of Commons in 1892.
In 1902 Balfour became Prime Minister where he was to preside
over the introduction of the 1902 Education Act and the ending
of the Boer War. However, Tariff Reform caused a serious rift
in his government and he felt obliged to resign in 1905. The
subsequent General Election in 1906 saw a massive Liberal Party
landslide victory. Balfour
remained leader of the Conservative Party until 1911. In 1912,
Lloyd George appointed him as
Foreign Secretary, and consequently was responsible for the
Balfour Declaration in 1917 which was instrumental in the move
to create the state of Israel as a national home for the Jewish
people in Palestine. Balfour
left Lloyd George’s government in 1919 but later served in the
Conservative government of Stanley Baldwin. He died in 1930.


Jerome Caminada


Jerome Caminada was a former engineer of Irish-Italian descent
who joined the Manchester City Police in 1868, and established
a national reputation as the region’s leading criminal detective.
At that time, Manchester had an 800 strong police force and
the City was a hotbed of poverty, illness, deprivation and crime.
A staunch Roman Catholic and family man, Caminada lived in Denmark
Road in Moss Side. Soon after joining the police force, he rapidly
made his name as a detective and was transferred to the Detectives
Department (the forerunner of the CID).
In 1872 he was promoted to sergeant and in 1888 was made an
Inspector. His thirty year career saw him deal with every conceivable
type of crime and developing a reputation as the Manchester’s
prime thief-taker, to such an extent that there were many threats
on his life.Knowing he was a marked man, Caminada always carried
a pistol, and had cause to use it on numerous occasions. Throughout
his career, Caminada arrested and had thousands of people imprisoned.
He virtually cleaned upthe streets of Manchester, having closed
some 300 pubs and beer houses because of the poor quality of
the drinks or the lewd behaviour which was common in such places.
He also maintained an extensive network of informants and would
customarily meet with them in St
Mary’s Church
in Mulberry Street , also known as “The Hidden
Gem”. He rose up the ranks to become the first Detective Superintendent
in Manchester, and retired on a handsome pension. In retirement
he worked as an estate agent, a private detective and also made
an abortive attempt to get into local politics. His
died as a result of a bus accident in North Wales in 1913. He
was 69 years of age.

James Anderton

Sir James Anderton


James Cyril
Anderton, born 24th May 1932, was the outspoken, controversial
policeman who rose to become the youngest ever police chief
in Manchester’s history. Wigan
born and bred, Anderton was proud of his Lancashire working
class roots. He was educated at St Matthews Church School and
later at Wigan Grammar School. Later, at Manchester University,
in 1960 he gained a Certificate in Criminology. After leaving
the military police in 1953, he rose steadily through the ranks
of mainland forces (including Chief Superintendent of the Cheshire
Constabulary, Assistant Chief Constable of Leicester & Rutland
and Deputy Chief Constable of Leicestershire), until by the
mid-1970s he had become Chief Constable of England’s largest
provincial police force, Greater Manchester Police.
1986-87 he was President of the Association of Chief Police
Officers; from 1979-81 he was President of the Association of
Christian Police Officers. A strict believer in the concept
of duty, and a lay preacher, he was never afraid to become embroiled
in political controversy. Such controversies included the Stalker
enquiry in Northern Ireland, (John Stalker was his deputy at
GMP), the use of CS gas in the Toxteth riots in 1981, or his
controversial and outspoken views on AIDS. Despite frequent
brushes with his superiors, and a less than happy relationship
with the chairman of the Greater Manchester Police Committee,
he was well liked and respected by officers on the force, who
could always rely on his backing; he was regarded as a “copper’s
copper” by most. His personal Christian beliefs, his fearlessness
in expressing them and his hard-line moral stance made him the
scourge of the liberal left and frequently brought into question
his suitability to run Greater Manchester Police. In some ways
Anderton was a paradoxical figure – regarded by many as probably
Greater Manchester’s most popular senior officer, and by others
as the very worst.
He retired in 1991 after 38 years as police officer. He is still
known as an public speaker, has extensive interests in local
charities, is a supporter of the Salvation Army and spends time
working with young offenders in the Northwest region. James
Anderton is married to Joan Baron, currently lives in Sale,
and has one daughter.

Kathleen Ollerenshaw

Dame Kathleen Ollerenshaw

Probably Manchester’s most famous woman of modern times,
she had been born into the celebrated Timpson family in Withington,
South Manchester in 1912. Her grandfather, William Timpson had
founded the shoe empire which bore his name by opening a shop
in Oldham Street in Manchester in 1870. Profoundly deaf from
early childhood, Kathleen was an exceptional girl who would
let nothing stand in her way. She was to serve as Conservative
Councillor for Rusholme for 26 years, was to become Lord Mayor
of Manchester (1975-1976), was made a Freeman of the City and
was an advisor on educational matters to Margaret Thatcher’s
government in the 1980s. In
her youth she had been very athletic, having played hockey for
Oxford University and for the County of Lancashire. A witty
and energetic personality, she loved music, and was the prime
motivator in the creation of the
Northern College of Music
. She
also sat on many educational panels, including the boards of
Manchester University and the Metropolitan University of Manchester.
a renowned mathematician, she published many scientific and
academic papers, of which her “Magic Squares” paper is probably
best known. She
was married to Colonel Robert Ollerenshaw, who was a distinguished
military surgeon, a pioneer of medical illustration and had
been High Sheriff of Greater Manchester from 1978 to 1979.



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This page last updated 6 Jan 12.