Manchester UK


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Photos by John & Gloria
and Gary Burns
unless otherwise credited

Manchester Town Hall

Aerial Photograph of Manchester Town Hall & Albert Square
Manchester Town Hall & Albert Square from
the South. Aerial Photograph Image Courtesy of
© 2005

Completed in 1887, this most impressive
neo-Gothic building cost a million pounds and is acknowledged as a
masterpiece in its own right. It rises as a Victorian edifice – a
monument to the civic pride of the city fathers, reaching 286 feet
above Albert Square below.
Designed by Alfred Waterhouse,
a leading contemporary architect, it was fitted masterfully onto an
awkward triangular space – although not unanimously liked as the best
looking design, it proved the most practical of the 136 other designs
entered. Manchester had achieved city status in 1853, and was keen
to show off its civic dignity. Inside it is lavishly and richly decorated,
with mosaic floors bearing the “bees”, symbols of Manchester’s industry,
and has wall murals by Ford Madox

Manchester Town HallManchester Town Hall Rear ExteriorGreat Staircase in Manchester Town HallInside the Manchester Town Hall
Great Hall with Brown's MuralsMurtalAlfred Waterhouse
Top: the Town Hall from Albert Square; one
of three great staircases; vaulted ceilings in the entrance hall
Bottom: The Great Hall and one of Ford Madox Brown’s murals; the architect
Alfred Waterhouse

To see more of the Ford Madox-Brown
Murals CLICK

At the front main entrance,
a statue of the Roman Governor, Agricola, surveys the square. He had
founded the original fort of Mamuciam, from which the city began,
and is thus honoured by a statue over the main front entrance to the
Town Hall. The building dominates Albert Square, with its monument
to Queen Victoria’s consort, and statues of some of Manchester’s great
The square has now been largely pedestrianised and regularly serves
as a venue for local events, celebrations, street fairs, Christmas
funfairs, etc – much in the way medieval market squares might have
done in years gone by. Guided Tours of the Town Hall are available
by prior arrangement – sadly they are no longer free. Tours can be
arranged through the Manchester Visitor Centre in person or by telephone.

Manchester Town Hall & Town Hall Extension
Manchester Town Hall & Town Hall Extension seen from the West. Aerial Photograph Courtesy of
© 2005.

One of the highlights of the tour is the Great
Hall with its 12 large murals by Ford Madox Brown, the celebrated
Pre-Raphaelite painter. (To see more of the murals in larger versions
). Also see the tile mosaic work, the vaulted
corridors and the three stone spiral staircases.
The Town Hall demonstrates Waterhouse’s genius in not only exterior
detailing, but internal style and decor. The Great Hall, designed
in the fashion of a Flemish weaving hall, many believe to be the
masterpiece of the building, with its famous murals.

The Manchester Busy Bee - symbol of industry
The Manchester Busy Bee, floor mosaic
– symbol of industry

Also notable is the elegant and dignified entrance
hall, with its numerous busts and statues of city fathers and benefactors,
as well as the highly coloured figure of the Duke of Lancaster in
Roman costume.
The visitor is guided up to the first floor by one of the three
great spiral staircases, (bottom centre), included as if to accentuate
the triangular plan of the building, and reminiscent of some great
Gothic cathedral. Internally, a distinct sense of medievalism prevails,
with hammerbeam ceilings, vaulted dark corridors lit by a large
number of pointed Gothic windows, and the evocative cloister-like
atmosphere which all these help create.
The Thirteenth Century medieval Gothic styling of the Town Hall
is bold and freely used maintaining a storytelling ethos which gradually
unfolds the city’s history. Externally, the building is decorated
with carved images representing important figures in the city’s
The style was growing in popularity in the mid-nineteenth century,
as the Neo (new) Gothic style was considered a true English style
and therefore most suitable for civic buildings. The style is instantly
heralded by the 280 feet high bell tower, which would not shame
any great cathedral in its size and imposing style. Internal detailing
reveals the same love of Gothic detail – in the mosaic tiled floors,
the clustered columns and finely carved pillar capitals.

Inside the Gothic corridors of power

The Great Hall itself is dominated by Brown’s
murals, which depict key events in the development of the City of
Manchester, from the building of the first fort by Agricola, up
to the later experiments in Science by John Dalton. It is well worth
taking one of the guided tours so that none of the wealth of detail
is missed.

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    © John Moss, Papillon Graphics AD 2013 Manchester, United Kingdom – all rights reserved.
    This page last updated 22 Nov 12.