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Gazetteer of Greater Manchester Placenames - 5


Districts & Townships of the Greater Manchester Metropolitan County

An alphabetical listing of townships, Civil Parishes, Ecclesiastical Parishes, Boroughs, Rural and Urban Districts, localities, villages, counties and hamlets lying within, or formally within, the Greater Manchester Metropolitan County, including the origins of placenames. Much of this information was gathered from the Domesday Survey of 1086 and other subsequent records and from Greater Manchester County Record Office - for more information on the latter, visit the website at: http://www.gmcro.co.uk/

Select from Alphabetical listing:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W

T

TAMESIDE: Named in 1974 after the River Tame which connects the districts of this borough. This Metropolitan District in Greater Manchester County was formed in 1974 from the following local government areas: Dukinfield and Hyde Municipal Boroughs, Longdendale Urban District, Cheshire; Ashton under Lyne and Mossley Municipal Boroughs, Audenshaw, Denton, and Droylsden Urban Districts, Lancashire. See also Tameside - Main Entry.

TAUNTON: Possibly from a Celtic expression meaning "roaring stream". Locality in Ashton under Lyne township, subsequently in Waterloo Civil Parish.

TETLOW: Locality in Broughton township.

THORNHAM: From the Old English meaning "a village or hamlet where thorn trees grow". This township was originally in Lancashire. It was in Middleton Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Oldham Poor Law Union. In 1879 part of the township was included in the area of the commissioners for the improvement of Middleton and Tonge townships and in 1886 became part of Middleton Borough. In 1879 other parts of the township were included in the areas of Royton Local Board of Health and Castleton by Rochdale Local Board of Health. In 1894 the township was dissolved and its area divided between Middleton Borough, Royton Urban District and Castleton by Rochdale Urban District. In 1896 this last Urban District was renamed Castleton Urban District; in 1900 it was dissolved and its area divided between Rochdale and Heywood Boroughs.

TIMPERLEY: Known from around 1211 as " Timperleie " from the Old English meaning "a place or clearing where timber is obtained". This Civil Parish was originally in Cheshire. It was in Bowdon Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Bucklow Poor Law Union (which was called Altrincham Union until 1895). The Civil Parish was dissolved in 1936 and its area divided between Altrincham, Hale and Sale Urban Districts.

TINTWISTLE: Entry in the Domesday Book of 1086 as " Tengestvisie " and probably from Old English meaning "river fork of the prince". This township was originally in Cheshire. It was in Mottram in Longdendale Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Ashton under Lyne Poor Law Union. In 1864 part of it was included in the area of Mossley Local Board of Health and in 1885 became part of Mossley Borough; in 1889 Mossley Borough was wholly included in Lancashire. The remaining area of the township continued in Cheshire and in 1894 became one of the three Civil Parishes in Tintwistle Rural District, Cheshire, together with Hattersley and Matley civil parishes. In 1936 these last two Civil Parishes were dissolved and Tintwistle Rural District and Civil Parish thus became the same in area. In 1974 Tintwistle Civil Parish became part of Derbyshire.

TODMORDEN AND WALSDEN: By 1246 Todmorden was known as " Tottemerden " and probably means "the boundary valley of a man called Totta". Walsden, dating from around 1235 as " Walesden " means "valley belonging to a man called Walsa". This township was formed from Hundersfield township. It was in Rochdale Ecclesiastical Parish. It was originally in Lancashire but the town of Todmorden spread into the West Riding of Yorkshire. In 1861 Todmorden Local Board of Health was formed, its area including Todmorden and Walsden township. In 1889 Todmorden and Walsden township was added to the West Riding of Yorkshire and subsequently Todmorden Borough was established.

TONGE: Various townships and hamlets of this name exist as " Tong " in the Domesday Book of 1086, though there is no specific reference to this place. There are therefore 2 logically possible meanings - either "a fork in a river" or "a tongue (or strip) of land". This Civil Parish was in Lancashire. It was in Prestwich with Oldham Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Oldham Poor Law Union. It should not be confused with Tonge with Haulgh township (or subsequently Tonge township), near Bolton. In 1861 it was included in the area of the commissioners for the improvement of Middleton and Tonge townships and in 1886 in Middleton Borough. In 1898 the remaining area, named in 1894 as Tonge township or Civil Parish, became part of Bolton Borough.

TOP OF HEBERS: Locality in Middleton township.

TOP OF MIDDLETON: Locality in Middleton township. TOPPINGS: Locality in Turton township.

TORKINGTON: Civil Parish, originally in Cheshire, in Stockport Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Stockport Poor Law Union. In 1900 it became part of Hazel Grove and Bramhall Urban District.

TOTTINGTON: Known in 1212 as " Totinton " from the Old English meaning "land or farmstead belonging to a man called Tota". Alternatively, the first part "tot" may be from an Old English word meaning "hilltop lookout point". The Townships of Tottington Lower End and Tottington Higher End were originally in Lancashire. They were originally in Bury Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Haslingden Poor Law Union. In 1883 part of it was included in the area of Ramsbottom Local Board of Health. In 1894 it was dissolved and its area divided between Ramsbottom Urban District and Rawstentall and Haslingden Boroughs, Lancashire. In 1894 the area of Tottington Lower End was separated to become part of Ramsbottom Urban District. In 1872 part of the township was included in the area of Bury improvement commissioners. In 1894 the remaining area of the township (renamed in 1894 Tottington) became part of Tottington Urban District together with part of Elton township. In 1933 part of the Urban District was added to Bury Borough. In 1974 the Urban District became part of Bury Metropolitan Borough.

TRAFFORD: Two possible placename derivations - both equally probable. 1). a corruption of "Stratford" meaning "a Roman river crossing" (as in nearby Stretford), or 2). from the Domesday Survey of 1086 " Trosford " or " Traford " both from the Old English meaning "trough ford(?)". Locality in Stretford township, also known as. Old Trafford. The Trafford Metropolitan District in Greater Manchester County was formed in 1974 from the following local government areas: Altrincham and Sale Municipal Boroughs, Bowdon and Hale Urban Districts, part (Carrington. Dunham Massey, Partington and Warburton Civil Parishes) of Bucklow Rural District, Cheshire; Stretford Municipal Borough, Urmston Urban District, Lancashire. Most of these districts lie or once lay within the vast parkland belonging to the De Trafford family, hence the borough name. Trafford Park is a locality in the Davyhulme township (formed in 1894 from the area of Barton upon Irwell township) and Stretford township, before 1896 the grounds of Trafford Hall which was situated in Davyhulme township. After 1896 the area was developed as Trafford industrial estate on the south side of the Manchester Ship Canal.
See also Trafford - Main Entry.

TUNSHILL: Probably derived from the simple Old English meaning "town or habitation on a hill". Locality in Butterworth township.

TURTON: Probably from the Old English meaning "farmstead or village belonging to a man called Thor". This township was originally in Lancashire, in Bolton (or Bolton le Moors) Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Bolton Poor Law Union. In 1873 Turton Local Board of Health was established for the area of the township. In 1894 this area became an Urban District. In 1898 Belmont, Bradshaw, Harwood, Longworth, Entwistle, Edgeworth and Quarlton Civil Parishes were added to the Urban District. In 1974 the Urban District was divided between Bolton Metropolitan Borough (South Turton, Bradshaw and Harwood areas and a part of the former township of Longworth ) in Greater Manchester County and Blackburn District (North Turton, Belmont, Edgeworth, Entwistle and Quarlton areas and most of the former township of Longworth) in Lancashire. The division of Turton Urban District in 1974 in terms of wards was as follows; Bradshaw North, Bradshaw South, Bromley Cross and Eagley wards and south part of Egerton ward in Bolton Metropolitan Borough, the remainder in Blackburn District.

TYLDESLEY WITH SHAKERLEY: Tyldesley is known from c1210 in Old English as" Tildesleiha " and meaning "a woodland clearing of a man called Tilwald". This township, also known as Tyldesley cum Shakerley, was originally in Lancashire. It was in Leigh Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Leigh Poor Law Union. In 1863 Tyldesley with Shakerley Local Board of Health was established. In 1894 the area of the Local Board became Tyldesley with Shakerley Urban District. In 1933 Astley Civil Parish was added to the Urban District which was renamed Tyldesley Urban District. In 1974 the Urban District became part of Wigan Metropolitan Borough.

U

UNSWORTH: From the Old English meaning "land or enclosure belonging to a man called Un (or On)". This township was originally in Lancashire and was formed in 1894 from parts of Pilkington, Pilsworth and Heap townships. It was in Bury Poor Law Union. In 1933 it was dissolved and its area divided between Bury, Middleton and Heywood Boroughs and Whitefield Urban District. Since 1974 it has been part of Bury Metropolitan Borough.

UPPERMILL: District of Saddleworth.

URMSTON: Known as " Wermeston " in 1194, likely to be from old English or old Scandinavian and meaning "farmstead or habitation belonging to a man called Wyrm (or Urm)". This township was originally in Lancashire in Flixton Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Chorlton Poor Law Union from 1841-49,and in Barton upon Irwell Poor Law Union from 1849-1930. In 1894 it became an Urban District. In 1933 Flixton Civil Parish and parts of Davyhulme Civil Parish and Stretford Urban District were added to it. In 1974 it became part of Trafford Metropolitan Borough.

V

VICTORIA PARK: District in the City of Manchester near Rusholme - see Main Entry.

W

WALKDEN: Known in 1325 as " Walkeden " from the Old English, possibly meaning "valley belonging to a man called Walca". Locality in Worsley township in Salford Metropolitan Borough.

WALMERSLEY WITH SHUTTLEWORTH: The name Walmersley has remained unchanged since 1262, and possibly means in Old English "a woodland clearing belonging to a man called Waldmaer (or Wahlmaer)". This township, also known as Walmersley cum Shuttleworth, was originally in Lancashire in Bury Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Bury Poor Law Union. (There is another Walmsley area in Turton township). In 1872 part of it was included in the area of Bury improvement commissioners. Under the Divided Parishes Act of 1882 part of the township was added to Birtle with Bamford township. In 1883 part of it was included in the area of Ramsbottom Local Board of Health. In 1894 part of Birtle with Bamford township was added to its remaining area. In 1933 the Civil Parish was dissolved and its area divided between Bury Borough and Ramsbottom Urban District.

WALMSLEY: Similar placename contraction to Walmersley (above) though its meaning is not known. Locality in Turton township, not to be confused with Walmersley with Shuttleworth township.

WALSDEN: Locality in Todmorden and Walsden township. Old English placename meaning "valley belonging to a man called Walsa (or Walca)".

WALSHAW: Locality in Tottington Lower End township, now in Bury Metropolitan Borough.

WARBURTON: Entered in the Domesday Book of 1086 as " Warburghetune " and from the Old English meaning "a farmstead, township or village belonging to a woman called Waerburh". This township, which was also an ancient Ecclesiastical Parish. It was originally in Cheshire, in Bucklow Poor Law Union (which was kmwon as the Altrincham Union until 1895). In 1920 part of it was added to Rixton with Glazebrook Civil Parish, Lancashire. In 1933 there was an exchange of areas with Rixton with Glazebrook Civil Parish, Lancashire. In 1974 it became part of Trafford Metropolitan Borough. WARDLE: In 1874 Wuerdle and Wardle Local Board of Health was established for part of Wuerdle and Wardle township. In 1879 part of Butterworth township was included in the area of the Local Board. In 1894 the area of the Local Board became Wardle Urban District and part of Milnrow Urban District was added to it. The Urban District was in Rochdale Poor Law Union. In 1974 the Urban District became part of Rochdale Metropolitan Borough.

WARDLE: Placename from 2 Old English words " weard" + " hyll " meaning a watch or lookout hill".

WARDLEWORTH: Placename as above, but with the "worth" affix signifying a later enclosure of the hill, possibly with fortifications. This township was originally in Lancashire and was formed from the area of Hundersfield township. It was in Rochdale Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Rochdale Poor Law Union. In 1825 part of it was included in the area of the commissioners for the improvement of the town of Rochdale. In 1872 the remaining area of the township became part of Rochdale Borough.

WARDLEY: Locality in Worsley township in Salford Metropolitan Borough.

WATERHOUSES: Area, also known as Daisy Nook, in Ashton under Lyne township, subsequently in Woodhouses Civil Parish, in Tameside Metropolitan Borough.

WATERLOO: Named (of course) after the famous battle in 1815. This township was originally in Lancashire. It was formed in 1894 from the area of Ashton under Lyne township and was in the Ashton under Lyne Poor Law Union. In 1954 it became part of Ashton under Lyne Borough, and since 1974 has formed part of Tameside Metropolitan Borough.

WEASTE: Locality in Pendleton township.

WERNETH: his township was originally in Cheshire. It was in Stockport Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Stockport Poor Law Union. It should not be confused with the Werneth area, Oldham. In 1877 part of Werneth township was included in the area of Hyde Local Board of Health and in 1881 became part of Hyde Borough. In 1897 the remainder of the Civil Parish was renamed Compstall Civil Parish; in 1902 it became Compstall Urban District. Since 1974 it has formed part of Stockport Metropolitan Borough.

WEST GORTON: In 1894 this part of Gorton township was added to the City of Manchester. Like Gorton township, it was in Chorlton Poor Law Union until 1915 and in Manchester Poor Law Union from 1915-30.

WESTHOUGHTON: Known from 1210 as " Halcton " and by 1240 as " Westhalcton ", the name derives from the Old English meaning "westerley farmstead in a nook (or corner) of the land". This township was originally in Lancashire. It was in Deane Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Bolton Poor Law Union. In 1872 Westhoughton Local Board of Health was established and in 1394 it became an Urban District. In 1898 most of Over Hulton Civil Parish became part of the Urban District. In 1974 the Urban District of Westhoughton became part of Bolton Metropolitan Borough.

WESTLEIGH: Simply meaning "westerly clearing in a wood". This township or was originally in Lancashire. It was in Leigh Ecclesiastic Parish and in the Leigh Poor Law Union. In 1863 Westleigh Local Board of Health was established and in 1875 the area became part of that of Leigh Local Board of Health.

WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE: The Todmorden area was transferred to the County from Lancashire in 1889. In 1864 part of Saddleworth township was included in the area of Mossley Local Board of Health; in 1885 this area became Mossley Borough which in 1889 was included wholly in Lancashire. In 1974 Saddleworth Urban District, formerly in this County, became part of Oldham Metropolitan Borough, Greater Manchester County, and the West Riding was succeeded by the Metropolitan County of West Yorkshire.

WHALEY BRIDGE: Known in c1250 as " Weile " from the Old English meaning "woodland clearing by a road". Township in the High Peak National Park District of Derbyshire.

WHALLEY RANGE: Whalley is a common name appearing in the Domesday Book of 1086 as " Wallei ", though no specific reference to this district appears. Meaning "woodland clearing on or near a round hill". Locality in Moss Side and Withington townships of the City of Manchester. See also Whalley Range - Main Entry.

WHITEFIELD: Known by this name since 1292, from the Old English meaning "white open land". In 1866 Whitefield Local Board of Health was established for the Whitefield area in Pilkington township. In 1894 it became Whitefield Urban District. The Urban District was in the Bury Poor Law Union. In 1896 part of Radcliffe Urban District was added to Whitefield Urban District. In 1933 parts of Outwood and Unsworth Civil Parishes were added to the Urban District. In 1937 a part of it was added to Bury Borough. In 1974 it became part of Bury Metropolitan Borough.

WHITAKER: Locality in Blatchinworth and Calderbrook township.

WHITTLE: From the Old English simply meaning "white hill". Locality in Heap township.

WHITWORTH: Known in the 13th century as " Whiteworth ", and from the Old English meaning "white enclosure". In 1874 Whitworth Local Board of Health was established for the Whitworth area in Spotland township. In 1894 it became Whitworth Urban District. It was in the Rochdale Poor Law Union. In 1974 the Urban District was dissolved and its area became part of Rossendale District, Lancashire.

WIGAN: Known by this name since 1199, and probably a shortened or corrupted form of the Welsh name " tref Wigan " meaning "the homestead of a man called Wigan (or Wiggin)". The earliest known royal charter to the town of Wigan was dated 1246 and it was recognised as a borough in the Municipal Corporations Act of 1835. It had at that date the same area as Wigan township. Wigan township was in Wigan Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Wigan Poor Law Union. In 1889 the Borough became a County Borough. In 1904 Pemberton Urban District was added to the Borough. In 1974 the Borough became part of Wigan Metropolitan Borough, which was formed from the following local government areas: Wigan County Borough; Leigh Municipal Borough, Abram, Aspull, Atherton, Hindley, Ince in Makerfield, Orrell, Standish with Langtree and Tyldesley Urban Districts, Ashton in Makerfield Urban District (less the South ward), Billinge and Winstanley Urban District (part only,. namely the Billinge Higher Ind ward and the Winstanley ward except its detached parts), Golborne Urban District (less the Culcheth and Newchurch wards) and part (Haigh, Shevington and Worthington Civil Parishes only) of Wigan Rural District, Lancashire. Wigan Rural District had been originally in Lancashire. In 1894 it had comprised the following townships or Civil Parishes: Dalton, Haigh, Parbold, Shevington, Worthington, Wrightington. In 1974 the Rural District was dissolved; Haigh, Shevington and Worthington Civil Parishes became part of Wigan Metropolitan Borough, Greater Manchester County, the others part of West Lancashire District, Lancashire. See also Wigan - Main Entry.

WILDHOUSE: Locality in Butterworth township.

WINGATES: Probably from the 10th or 11th century Latin " Wingatum " and developed into Old English as two words " wind-gae t" meaning "windswept gaps or passes". Locality in Westhoughton township, now part of Bolton Metropolitan Borough.

WINSTANLEY: This township was originally in Lancashire, in Wigan Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Wigan Poor Law Union. It was originally a single township with Billinge, which itself became divided into two townships, Billinge Higher End and Billinge Chapel End. Two detached parts of Winstanley township were situated within Billinge Chapel End, one known as Blackley Hurst and the other in the Carr Mill area. In 1872 these two detached parts were included in the area of Billinge Local Board of Health. In 1894 the whole of Winstanley township (including these two detached parts) was included in Billinge Urban District which in 1927 was renamed Billinge and Winstanley Urban District. In 1974 the Urban District was dissolved and its area was divided. The Billinge Higher End ward and the Winstanley ward except for its detached parts (i.e. incl. the main part of the former Winstanley township) became part of Wigan Metropolitan Borough, Greater Manchester County; the remainder, incl. the Billinge Chapel End area and the two former detached parts of Winstanley township became part of St. Helens Metropolitan Borough, Merseyside County.

WINTON: Placename origin unknown, but possibly land once related to or owned by the Earls of Winton (speculative). Locality in Barton upon Irwell township, subsequently in Eccles Borough, and now part of Salford Metropolitan Borough.

WITHINGTON: Fairly common Old English placename, generally meaning "a place or farmstead with a willow wood or copse". This township was originally in Lancashire, in Manchester Ecclesiastical Parish and in Chorlton Poor Law Union from 1837-1915, and in Manchester Poor Law Union from 1915-30. In 1876 Withington Local Board of Health was established for the areas of the townships of Burnage, Didsbury and Chorlton cum Hardy and part of Withington township. Other parts of Withington township were in the area of Moss Side Local Board of Health from 1856 and in the area of Rusholme Local Board of Health from 1882. Under the Divided parishes Act of 1882 there was an exchange of areas with Burnage township and part of Withington township was added to Chorlton cum Hardy township. In 1885 part of Withington township was added to the City of Manchester. In 1894 Withington Urban District was established comprising Chorlton cum Hardy, Burnage and Didsbury townships and the remaining area of Withington township. In 1904 the Urban District became part of the City of Manchester. Until 1915 there was a Withington Committee of Manchester City Council. See also Withington - Main Entry.

WOLSTENHOLME AND CHEESDEN: Locality in Spotland township.

WOODFORD: Old English placename simply meaning "a ford or river crossing in or by a wood". This township was originally in Cheshire, in Prestbury Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Macclesfield Poor Law Union. In 1939 it became part of Hazel Grove and Bramhall Urban District. Now part of Stockport Metropolitan Borough.

WOODHEAD: Locality in Tintwistle township.

WOODHOUSE LANE: Locality in Spotland township. See "Woodhouses" (below) for placename origin.

WOODHOUSES: Common Old English placename meaning "house or houses in or near a wood". This township was originally in Lancashire. It was formed in 1894 from the area of Ashton under Lyne township. It was in the Ashton under Lyne Poor Law Union. In 1951 part of it was added to Oldham Borough. In 1954 it was dissolved and its area divided between Oldham Borough and Failsworth Urban District.

WOODLEY: Old English placename meaning "a clearing in a wood". Locality in Bredbury township, now part of Stockport Metropolitan Borough.

WOOLEY: Old English meaning "a wood or clearing frequented by wolves". Locality in Hollingworth township.

WORSLEY: Known in 1196 as " Werkesleia " and by 1246 as " Wyrkitheley " possibly an Old English meaning of "a woodland clearing belonging to a woman called Woercgyth or a man called Weorchaeth". This township was originally in Lancashire, in Eccles Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Barton upon Irwell Poor Law Union. The Swinton area of the township was included in 1867 in Swinton Local Board of Health (from 1869 Swinton and Pendlebury Local Board of Health). In 1892 a part of Worsley township was included in Eccles Borough. In 1894 the area of the township which had been within the area of Swinton and Pendlebury Local Board of Health was formed into Swinton township and became part of Swinton and Pendlebury Urban District; the remainder of the township was included in Worsley Urban District. In 1907 two small detached parts of Worsley Civil Parish, situated within Swinton Civil Parish and thought to have been transferred to it, in 1894, were added to Swinton Civil Parish. In 1921, twenty-one acres,which formed Barton upon Irwell Civil Parish, were declared to be in Worsley Urban District. In 1933 the area of Little Hulton Urban District was added to it, part of it was added to Eccles Borough and there was an exchange of areas with Irlam Urban District. In 1955 a very small part of Worsley Urban District was added to Swinton and Pendlebury Borough. In 1974 Worsley became part of Salford Metropolitan District.

WORTHINGTON: Probably from the Old English meaning "a place or farmstead belonging to a man called Weorth". This Civil Parish was originally in Lancashire. It was in Standish Ecclesiastical Parish and in Wigan Poor Law Union. In 1974 it became part of Wigan Metropolitan Borough.

WRIGHTINGTON: From 1202 known as " Wrichtington " probably from the Old English meaning "farmstead belonging to the wrights or carpenters". This Civil Parish was originally in Wigan Rural District in Lancashire, but in 1974 the Rural District was dissolved and Wrightington Civil Parish became part of West Lancashire District.

WUERDLE AND WARDLE: Wardle is an Old English word meaning "a watch or lookout hill". This township in Lancashire was formed from Hundersfield township. It was in Rochdale Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Rochdale Poor Law Union. In 1825 part of the township was included in the area of the commissioners for the improvement of the town of Rochdale. In 1872 another part of the township became part of Rochdale Borough. In 1870 another part of the township was included in the area of Littleborough Local Board of Health. In 1874 another part of the township was included in the area of Wuerdle and Wardle Local Board of Health. In 1894 the township was dissolved and its area divided between Rochdale Borough and Littleborough and Wardle Urban Districts.

WYTHENSHAWE: Derivation unknown, but possibly from two Old English words " wythe " meaning "river where willow trees grow" and " shaw " meaning "a small wood or copse". Hence, the placename probably means "a small wood by a river where willow trees grow" (speculative). Name for a large housing estate built on the areas of Baguley, Northenden and Northern Etchells Civil Parishes transferred from Cheshire to the City of Manchester in 1931. See also Wythenshawe - Main Entry.

... End of Topic].

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