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Gazetteer of Greater Manchester Placenames - 3


Districts & Townships of the Greater Manchester Metropolitan County

An alphabetical listing of townships, Civil Parishes, Ecclesiastical Parishes, Boroughs, Rural and Urban Districts, localities, villages, counties and hamlets lying within, or formally within, the Greater Manchester Metropolitan County, including the origins of placenames. Much of this information was gathered from the Domesday Survey of 1086 and other subsequent records and from Greater Manchester County Record Office - for more information on the latter, visit the website at: http://www.gmcro.co.uk/

Select from Alphabetical listing:


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W

I

INCE IN MAKERFIELD: Ince probably originated from " Inis ", an old Welsh word meaning "the island". Entered in the Domesday Book of 1086 as " Inise " and known by 1202 as " Ines ". Makerfield was a later affix, from an old Celtic word meaning "wall ruin" or "ruined wall", known by 1121 as " Macrefeld ". The combined name may therefore have referred to an old wall surrounding the "island". This township used to be in Lancashire, in Wigan Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Wigan Poor Law Union. Not to be confused with the Ince Blundell township, near Sefton. In 1866 Ince in Makerfield Local Board of Health was established and in 1894 the area became an Urban District. In 1974 the Urban District became part of Wigan Metropolitan Borough.

IRLAM: Known since c1190 as " Urwelham ", and meaning "an enclosure on the River Irwell", from Old English " Irre " and " Wella " meaning "winding stream". Irlam Urban District was formed out of the Barton upon Irwell township in 1894. Irlam township was the only township in it. It was then in the county of Lancashire and in Barton upon Irwell Poor Law Union. In 1896 part of it was added to Barton Moss Civil Parish and there was an exchange of areas between Irlam Urban District and Flixton. Civil Parish. In 1920 there were further exchanges of areas with Carrington and Partington Civil Parishes. In 1933 there was an exchange of areas with Worsley Urban District. In 1969 there were exchanges with Golborne Urban District and Rixton with Glazebrook Civil Parish. In 1974 the Urban District became part of Salford Metropolitan Borough.

IRLAM 0' TH' HEIGHTS: Locality in Pendleton and Pendlebury townships of Salford. Placename as above but with the later affix to distinguish it from the former, probably referring to its high location.

J

JERICHO: Locality in Birtle with Bamford township of Bury.

JUNCTION: Locality in Middleton township of Rochdale.

K

KEARSLEY: Known by 1187 as " Cherselawe " and as " Kersleie " by c1220. From the Old English " caerse " and " leah " meaning "the place or clearing where cress grows". This Civil Parish was originally in Lancashire and was in the Deane Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Bolton Poor Law Union. In 1865. Kearsley Local Board of Health was established for the area of the township. In 1894 the area of the Local Board became an Urban District. In 1933 part of Clifton Civil Parish and part (Ringley area) of Outwood Civil Parish were added to the Urban District. In 1974 it became part of Bolton Metropolitan Borough.

KEMPNOUGH: Locality in Worsley township - now in Salford Metropolitan Borough.

KENYON: By 1212 known as " Kenien ", probably an abbreviation of the old Welsh " Cruc Einion " which means "the mound or hill of a man called Einion". This old Lancashire township was in Winwick Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Leigh Poor Law Union. In 1933 the Civil Parish became part of Golborne Urban District. In 1974 Golborne Urban District was dissolved and its area divided: the Culcheth and Newchurch wards of the District became part of Warrington District, (in Cheshire), the remaining area became part of Wigan Metropolitan Borough (in Greater Manchester).

KERSAL: Locality in the north part of the Broughton township of Salford.

KIRK HOLT: Locality in Castleton township of Rochdale. In Old English, "Kirk" simply means "a church" and "Holt" was a common placename for a wooded thicket. Hence, perhaps, "the church in, (or by), the thicket".

KIRKMANSHULME: A detached part of Newton township. In 1890 Kirkmanshulme became part of the City of Manchester.

KNOTT LANES: An ancient district of the Ashton under Lyne township, now in Oldham Metropolitan Borough.

KNOWLE MOOR: Locality in Spotland township. Probably an Old English placename meaning "moor or bog at the top of a hill or rise".

L

LADYBARN: Locality in the south of the City of Manchester. See Burnage.

LADYBRIDGE: Locality in Rumworth and Heaton townships.

LADYHOUSE: Locality in Butterworth township.

LADYSHORE: Locality in Little Lever township.

LANEHEAD: Locality in Spotland township.

LANGLEY: A fairly common Old English placename meaning "long wood or clearing". Locality in Middleton township of Rochdale.

LANGTREE : Old English meaning "long tree". This area was once regarded as a separate township but by the mid nineteenth century had come to be regarded with Standish as a single township. (See Standish With Langtree).

LEES: Old English plural form of " leah " (a wood or clearing), hence possibly "clearings in the wood". Lees was an area, also known as Hey (possibly from old Norman meaning an enclosure of land), in the Knott Lanes "division" of Ashton under Lyne township. In 1859 a Local Board of was established for the area. This area was in Lancashire and in Ashton under Lyne Poor Law Union. In 1894 the area of the Local Board became an Urban District. In 1911 part of the Urban District was added to Crossbank Civil Parish. In 1914 Crossbank Civil Parish became part of Lees Urban District. In 1974 the Urban District became part of Oldham Metropolitan Borough.

LEIGH: Alternative spelling derived from the Old English " leah " (as above - a wood or clearing). The town of Leigh was mostly in Pennington township but partly also in Westleigh. In 1875 Leigh Local Board of Health was established, comprising in area the areas of the former Bedford, Pennington and Westleigh Local Boards of Health. In 1894 the area of the Local Board, together with part of the Atherton township, became Leigh Urban District. It was in the Leigh Poor Law Union. In 1899 the Urban District became a Municipal Borough. In 1969 there was an exchange of very small areas with Golborne Urban District. In 1974 the Borough became part of Wigan Metropolitan Borough. The Leigh Rural District had been in Lancashire and in 1894 comprised the townships or Civil Parishes of Astley, Culcheth, Kenyon and Lowton. The Rural District was dissolved in 1933.

LEVENSHULME: From 1246 known as " Lewynshulm " from the Old English meaning "island belonging to a man called Lewyn". This Civil Parish used to be in Lancashire but was in Manchester Ecclesiastical Parish. and in the Chorlton Poor Law Union from 1837-1915, and in Manchester Poor Law Union from 1915-30. In 1865 Levenshulme Local Board of Health was established for the township. In 1894 the area became an Urban District and in 1909 the Urban District became part of the City of Manchester. See also Levenshulme - Main Entry.

LIMEFIELD: A locality in Bury township.

LIMEHURST: As in Limehouse (London), probably from Old English meaning "lime oasts or kilns". From 1847 onwards various boroughs were established in the area of Ashton under Lyne township and in 1894 several urban districts. The remaining area of the former Ashton under Lyne township was divided in 1894 into the townships, or Civil Parishes of Alt, Bardsley, Crossbank, Hartshead, Little Moss, Waterloo and Woodhouses which together formed Limehurst Rural District. After 1894 the area of the Rural District shrank as these Civil Parishes or parts of them were added to neighbouring local authorities. In 1954 the Rural District was dissolved. In 1974 the district was absorbed into the new Tameside Metropolitan Borough.

LITTLE BOLTON (1): This Parish was in Lancashire, in Bolton (or Bolton le Moors) Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Bolton Poor Law Union. It should not be confused with the Little Bolton area in Pendleton township in Salford. In 1792 Improvement Trustees (sometimes known as police commissioners) were established for the improvement of the area of the township. In 1838 most of the township became part of Bolton Borough. The remaining area, together with part of Sharples township, was included in 1864 in the area of Astley Bridge Local Board of Health and in 1894 in Astley Bridge Urban District (which in 1898 became part of Bolton Borough). In 1885 part of Little Bolton township was added to Sharples township. Since 1974 it has been part of Bolton Metropolitan Borough.

LITTLE BOLTON (2): Locality in Pendleton township of Salford. This area should not be confused with Little Bolton township in Bolton Metropolitan Borough (above).

LITTLEBOROUGH: From the Old English simply meaning "little fort or stronghold", known by 1577 as " Littlebrough ". In 1870 Littleborough Local Board of Health was formed for parts of the townships of Blatchinworth and Calderbrook, of Wuerdle & Wardle and of Butterworth. In 1879 another part of Butterworth township as well as further parts of Blatchinworth and Calderbrook township were added to the area of the Local Board. In 1894 the area of the Local Board became Littleborough Urban District which included the whole of Blatchinworth and Calderbrook township and parts of the two townships or Civil Parishes of Wuerdle & Wardle and of Butterworth. It was in Rochdale Poor Law Union. In 1974 it became part of Rochdale Metropolitan Borough.

LITTLE GREEN: Locality in Tonge township of Bolton.

LITTLE HEATON: This Civil Parish, also called Heaton Fallowfield, was in Lancashire. It was in Prestwich with Oldham Ecclesiastical Parish and part of the Manchester Poor Law Union from 1841-50, and in 1850 was included in Prestwich Poor Law Union. It should not be confused with Heaton township near Bolton or with Heaten Norris in Stockport. In 1894 the township was dissolved and its area divided between Prestwich Urban District and Middleton Borough. In 1905 the Heaton Park area became part of the City of Manchester.

LITTLE HULTON: From Old English meaning simply "Little hill town". This Civil Parish was once in Lancashire. It was in Deane Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Bolton Poor Law Union. In 1872 Little Hulton Local Board of Health was established for the area of the township. In 1894 the area of the Local Board became an Urban District. In 1953 the Urban District was dissolved and its area became part of Worsley Urban District. It now lies within Salford Metropolitan Borough.

LITTLE LEVER: This township was formerly in Lancashire, in or Bolton le Moors Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Bolton Poor Law Union. In 1872 Little Lever Local Board of Health was established and in 1894 it became Little Lever Urban District. In 1974 the Urban District became part of Bolton Metropolitan Borough.

LITTLE MOSS: From the Old English meaning simply "little marsh or swamp". This Civil Parish was formerly in Lancashire. It was created in 1894 from the Ashton under Lyne township and was in Ashton under Lyne Poor Law Union. In 1954 it was dissolved and its area divided between Ashton under Lyne Borough and Droylsden and Failsworth Urban Districts. Now part of Tameside Metropolitan Borough.

LITTLE PARK: Locality in Tonge township of Bolton.

LONGDENDALE (MOTTRAM in LONGENDALE): Longendale is from the Old English meaning "dale of the long valley", and Mottram from Old English meaning "place of the speakers" or "place where meetings are held", and known as " Mottrum "by c1220. The full name of Mottram in Longendale was established by 1308 - literally meaning "place where meetings are held in the dale of the long valley". This Urban District was previously in Cheshire and was formed in 1936 from the areas of Mottram in Longdendale Urban District, Hollingworth Urban District and parts of Hattersley and Matley Civil Parishes. In 1974 Longdendale Urban District became part of Tameside Metropolitan Borough.

LONGSIGHT: District of the City of Manchester. See Main Entry.

LOSTOCK: Known by 1205 as " Lostok " and from the Old English meaning "outlying farmstead with a pigsty". This township was originally in Lancashire in Bolton Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Bolton Poor Law Union. In 1898 it became part of Bolton Borough.

LOWER LANE: Locality in Castleton township of Rochdale.

LOWTON: Old English placename meaning "Farmstead at the bottom of a mound or hill". This Civil Parish was originally in Lancashire. It was in Winwick Ecclesiastical Parish and in Leigh Poor Law Union. In 1933 the Parish became part of Golborne Urban District. In 1974 Golborne Urban District was dissolved and its area divided; most of its area, including the former Lowton area, became part of Wigan Metropolitan Borough.

LUDWORTH: Probably from Old English meaning "enclosure of a man called Luda". This township or Civil Parish was in Derbyshire. It was in Glossop Ecclesiastical Parish and in Glossop Poor Law Union. In 1936 it became part of Marple Urban District, Cheshire. In 1974 it became part of the new Stockport Metropolitan Borough.

M

MANCHESTER: Known to the Romans as " Mamuciam " (sometimes as "Mamucium" ) meaning in Latin "a breast shaped hill", Agricola's description of the site of his first encampment. Known as " Mamecestre " by the time of the great Domesday Survey of 1086, from the Old English " caestre " meaning "Roman fort or town". The town of Manchester was granted a charter by Thomas Grelley in 1301 but lost its borough status in 1359. Until the nineteenth century government was largely by manorial courts which were not finally ended until 1846. Manchester township or Civil Parish was in Lancashire. It was in Manchester Ecclesiastical Parish as well as the Manchester Poor Law Union. In 1792 police commissioners, were established for the improvement of the area of the township. In 1838 the Borough of Manchester was established, comprising the areas of Manchester, Beswick, Cheetham, Chorlton upon Medlock and Hulme townships. By 1846 the Borough Council had taken over the powers of the police commissioners. In 1853 the Borough received the title of City. In 1885 Bradford, Harpurhey, Rusholme and parts of Moss Side and Withington townships became part of the City. In 1889 the City became a County Borough. Other Lancashire areas were added to the City from 1890 to 1933, in 1931 the Cheshire Civil Parishes of Baguley, Northenden and Northern Etchells and in 1974 the Cheshire Civil Parish of Ringway. In 1974 the City became a Metropolitan District in Greater Manchester County. Alterations in boundary between Manchester' and areas in Lancashire, 1890-1933; 1890 Blackley, Crumpsall, Moston, Openshaw and Newton (including Kirkmanshulme) townships, Clayton area (part of Droylsden township) and part of Gorton township added. 1901 A very small part of Gorton Urban District added. 1903 Part (Heaton Park area) of Prestwich Urban District added. 1904 Burnage, Didsbury and Chorlton cum Hardy Civil Parishes and Moss Side and Withington Urban Districts added. 1909 Levenshulme Urban District and the remaining area of Gorton Urban District added. 1913 Part of Heaton Norris Urban District added. 1933 Exchanges of areas with Chadderton, Droylsden and Failsworth Urban Districts and Middleton Borough; part of Denton Urban District added.

MARLAND: Placename possibly from Old English meaning "cultivated land by a pool". Locality in Castleton township in Rochdale.

MARPLE: Known as " Merpille " by the early 13th century, probably from the 2 Old English words " maere " and " pyll " meaning "a pool or stream near the boundary". Marple township was originally in Cheshire. It was in Stockport Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Stockport Poor Law Union. In 1875 Marple Local Board of Health was and in 1894 the area became Marple Urban District. In 1936 Ludworth Civil Parish (Derbyshire), Mellor Civil Parish (Derbyshire), part of Bredbury and Romiley Urban District (Cheshire) and part of Hazel Grove and Bramhall Urban District (Cheshire) were added to Marple Urban District. Also in 1936 a part of Marple Urban District was added to Bredbury and Romiley Urban District. In 1974 the Urban District became part of Stockport Metropolitan Borough.

MARPLE BRIDGE: Locality in Mellor township of Stockport Metropolitan Borough.

MATLEY: This township or Civil Parish was formerly in Cheshire. It was in Mottram in Longdendale Ecclesiastical Parish and in Ashton under Lyne Poor Law Union. In 1936 it was dissolved and its area divided between Dukinfield, Hyde and Stalybridge Boroughs and Longdendale Urban District. It is now part of Tameside Metropolitan Borough.

MELLOR: From the original Old English meaning "bare or smooth-topped hill", known by 1283 as " Melver ". This township and Civil Parish was originally in Derbyshire. It was in Glossop Ecclesiastical Parish and in Hayfield Poor Law Union. In 1936 it became part of Marple Urban District, (Cheshire), and since 1974 it has been within the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport.

MIDDLE HULTON: Meaning simply "middle hill town" in Old English. This township or Civil Parish was in Lancashire. It was in Deane Ecclesiastical Parish and in Bolton Poor Law Union. In 1898 it became part of Bolton Borough.

MIDDLETON: Old English placename, very common, and meaning in general "middle town, estate or settlement". The name has existed here since 1194. This township or Civil Parish was formerly in Lancashire. It was in Middleton Ecclesiastical Parish and in Oldham Poor Law Union. In 1861 commissioners were established for the improvement of Middleton and Tonge townships or Civil Parishes. In 1879 Alkrington township and parts of Hopwood and Thornham townships were added to the area of the commissioners. In 1886 this area became Middleton Borough. In 1894 parts of Great Heaton and Little Heaton townships were added to the Borough. In 1933 there were exchanges of areas with the City of Manchester and Chadderton Urban District. Also in 1933 part of Unsworth Civil Parish was added to it and part of it was added to Royton Urban District. In 1974 it became part of Rochdale Metropolitan Borough.

MILES PLATTING: District in the City of Manchester. See Main Entry.

MILLBROOK: Simply meaning in Old English "a mill by a brook" (hence - a watermill). Locality in Stayley township added to Stalybridge Borough in 1881.

MILLS HILL: Locality in Middleton township.

MILNROW: In 1870 Milnrow Local Board of Health was established for the area of Butterworth. In 1879 part of Castleton and another part of Butterworth were included in the area. In 1894 the area became Milnrow Urban District but a part of the Urban District was added to Wardle Urban District. Milnrow Urban District was in Rochdale Poor Law Union. In 1974 Milnrow Urban District became part of Rochdale Metropolitan Borough.

MONTON: Locality in Barton upon Irwell township, subsequently in Eccles Borough - now in the Metropolitan Borough of Salford. Placename from the Old English possibly simply means "a town or settlement on a hill".

MOSELEY: An old name for the town of Mossley.

MOSES GATE: Locality in Farnworth and Great Lever townships - part of Bolton Metropolitan Borough.

MOSLEY COMMON: Locality in Tyldesley with Shakerley township.

MOSSLEY: Known by 1319 as " Moselegh " from the Old Scandinavian meaning "woodland clearing by a swamp or bog". In 1864 Mossley Local Board of Health was established for parts of the townships of Ashton under Lyne (Lancashire), Saddleworth (West Riding of Yorkshire), Stayley (Cheshire) and Tintwistle (Cheshire). In 1885 Mossley Borough was established. In 1889 the whole area of the Borough was included in Lancashire. It was in Ashton under Lyne Poor Law Union. In 1954 part of Alt township was added to the Borough. In 1974 it became part of Tameside Metropolitan Borough.

MOSS SIDE: This township was originally in Lancashire. It was in Manchester Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Chorlton Poor Law Union from 1837-1915, and in Manchester Poor Law Union from 1915-30. In 1856 a small detached part of the township was included in the area of Rusholme Local Board of Health and the remainder in the area of Moss Side Local Board of Health. In 1882 part of Withington township was included in the area of Moss Side Local Board. In 1885 part of Moss Side township was added to the City of Manchester. In 1894 Moss Side Urban District was established. In 1904 the Urban District became part of the City of Manchester. See also Moss Side - Main Entry.

MOSTON: From the Old English meaning "town or settlement in or by a swamp or bog". This township was formerly in Lancashire, in Manchester Ecclesiastical Parish and in the Manchester Poor Law Union from 1841-50, in Prestwich Poor Law Union from 1850-1915, and in Manchester Poor Law Union from1915-30. In 1890 it became part of the City of Manchester. See also Moston - Main Entry.

MOTTRAM IN LONGDENDALE: This township used to be in Cheshire, in Mottram in Longdendale Ecclesiastical Parish and in Ashton under Lyne Poor Law Union. In 1873 Mottram in Longdendale Local Board of Health was established. In 1894 it became an Urban District. In 1936, together with Hollingworth Urban District and parts of Hattersley and Matley Civil Parishes, it became part of Longdendale Urban District.

N

NAILOR'S GREEN :From the Old English meaning literally " the green field or enclosure of a man called Naegl". Locality in Tottington Lower End township, subsequently known as Greenmount and now in the Metropolitan Borough of Bury.

NEW BURY: Old English meaning "new fortified town or stronghold". Locality in Farnworth township in Bolton Metropolitan Borough.

NEWCHURCH: Literally meaning "new church". Locality in Golborne Urban District. In 1974 the Newchurch ward of this Urban District became part of Warrington District in Cheshire. Other parts of Golborne was subsumed into the newly created Wigan metropolitan Borough in 1974.

NEW EAGLEY: Locality in Sharples township, subsequently in Astley Bridge Urban District. Now part of Bolton Metropolitan Borough.

NEWTON: This township parish was once in Cheshire, in Mottram in Longdendale Ecclesiastical Parish and in Ashton under Lyne Poor Law Union. In 1871 Newton Local Board of Health was established. In 1877 the township was included within the area of Hyde Local Board if Health and in 1881 became part of Hyde Borough, and as such is now in Tameside Metropolitan Borough.

NEWTON HEATH: Literally meaning "new town on the heath". This second parish of Newton was a chapelry in Manchester parish, Lancashire, comprising the areas of Newton, Bradford, Failsworth and Moston which seem to have been combined for Poor Law purposes before 1837. Newton township was in Manchester Ecclesiastical Parish and was in Manchester Poor Law Union from 1841-50, in Prestwich Poor Law Union from 1850-1915 and in Manchester Poor Law Union from 1915-30. In 1853 Newton Heath Local Board of Health was established for the area of Newton township but in 1859 the detached part of the township called Kirkmanshulme was separated. for highway purposes. In 1890 this township, together with Kirkmanshulme, became part of the City of Manchester.
See also Newton Heath - Main Entry.

NORBURY: From the old English meaning "northern stronghold or manor house". This township or Civil Parish was once in Cheshire and was in Stockport Ecclesiastical Parish as well as part of the Stockport Poor Law Union. In 1900 it became part of Hazel Grove and Bramhall Urban District, and is now in Stockport Metropolitan Borough.

NORDEN: This area in Spotland township was formerly known as Black Pits. In 1878 Norden Local Board of Health was formed. In 1894 the area became Norden Urban District. It was in Rochdale Poor Law Union. In 1933 it was dissolved and its area divided between Rochdale and Heywood Boroughs. This area now lies within Rochdale Metropolitan Borough.

NORTHENDEN: This Parish was formerly in Cheshire. It was in Northenden Ecclesiastical Parish and in Bucklow Poor Law Union (which was called Altrincham Union until 1895). In 1931 it became part of the City of Manchester. Some of its area was used for the Wythenshawe housing estate.
See also Northenden - Main Entry.

NORTHERN ETCHELLS: This township or Civil Parish was in Cheshire. It was in Northenden Ecclesiastical Parish and in Bucklow Poor Law Union (which was called Altrincham Union until 1895). In 1931 it became part of the City of Manchester. Its area was used for the Wythenshawe housing estate.

NORTH MANCHESTER: This township was formed in 1896 for Poor Law purposes from the areas of the following townships or Civil Parishes in Prestwich Union: Beswick, Blackley, Clayton, Bradford, Cheetham, Clayton, Crumpsall, Harpurhey, Moston and Newton.

NUTTALL: Old English name for the "place or nook where nut trees grow". Locality in Tottington Lower End township - part of Bury Metropolitan Borough.

... End of "N" Category].

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This page last updated 27 Apr 09.