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ADMINISTRATION:

Major Townships & Villages of Cheshire


Alphabetical Listing Continued:

Sandbach

Sandbach is a township in the old Northwich Hundred and in 1936 the civil parish was extended to include large parts of Bradwall, Elton and Wheelock. It also includes the hamlets of Boothlane Head, Brickhouses, Ettiley Heath, Forge Fields, Hindheath, Marsh Green, all of which became part of Sandbach Urban District.
Sandbach was an Anglo-Saxon settlement by the 7th century AD, and was part of the Kingdom of Mercia, which was then probably the most powerful of all the northern Saxon kingdoms. The township claims to own two of England's finest Christian Saxon memorials - its ancient crosses. These two surviving engraved monuments illustrate the story of life of Christ and were savagely defaced by Puritans in the 17th century. However, extensive restoration in 1816 has brought them back to life and they are a popular attraction to visitors and serious students alike. They commemorate the establishment of a Christian Minster at Sandbach and possibly to the whole of middle England.
In 1579 a Royal Charter was granted by Queen Elizabeth I for a Thursday Market, which is still in existence and attracts traders and shoppers from across the whole county, and has long established Sandbach as a major county market town.
In the early 19th century, Sandbach was an important coaching halt on the road from London and Birmingham to Liverpool and Manchester. However, the building of the railway station on the Manchester-Crewe main line effectively brought coaching to an end.
Contemporary Sandbach benefits from its proximity to the M6 Motorway. The Trent and Mersey Canal also passes through the district's beautiful countryside which has opened the area up to pleasure boating in the summertime. Since the 1974 Local Government reorganisations, Sandbach Urban District has been part of the new Borough of Congleton.

Tarvin

Tarvin is a small township located about 5½ miles north-east of Chester, and has been celebrated for its cheese making since before the 17th century. It is located in the old Eddisbury Hundred and includes the hamlets of Austins Hill, Broombank, part of Duddon Heath, Old Moss, Oscroft, part of Tarvin Sands, Weetwood and part of Willington Corner. The town's ancient parish church is St. Andrew. The area is known for it's supposedly Roman Bridges, which are situated about 1½ miles from the village centre, though some historians put them at a later date.
The Romans called the town "Tervyn", from the Latin "terminus", meaning end. After the Roman withdrew from Britain in the 5th century AD, the land was divided into large parishes, each governed by a church leader. After the Norman Invasion in 1066, William the Conqueror occupied Chester and the surrounding townships, but little changed in the township as it belonged to the local bishop and was thereby protected from confiscation. By 1551 the town was still known as "Tervin" and as "Tervine" in 1599, but sometime after this it gradually assumed the name Tarvin. Certainly, by 1657 records show that one "Richard Tarvin of Temperley" had married Sibell Travis at Bowdon, suggesting that the name change was complete by that time. The township has two very fine half-timbered Tudor cottages and many fine Georgian buildings.

Tarporley

Tarporley has a long and ancient history; its earliest record is in 1292, when the township of "Torpelei" was granted a Royal Charter. Further, by 1297, it had been recognised as a Borough with its own elected Mayor and market. Tarporley is one of the larger villages in the heart of the Cheshire countryside .
Research seems to suggest, however, that there had been earlier settlements near Tarporley in the nearby iron age hillforts at Eddisbury Hill and Maiden Castle.
The village lies, providentially, on the old and well-trodden trade and stagecoach route from London to Chester, as well as being located on one of the old Roman salt roads of Cheshire, and therefore had always benefitted from passing trade.
The village itself developed over many centuries along this trade road, the present-day High Street, and by the 19th century it possessed many hotels and inns the to cater for passing travellers.
By the end of the 18th century, the digging of the Chester and Ellesmere Canal (now the Shropshire Union) and the addition of a nearby railway station at Beeston on the Chester and Crewe Railway served only to increase the number of passing travellers and the village grew wealthy on the trade that this through traffic produced.
There are several buildings of note in Tarporley, including the Manor House which dates from 1586. Nearby is St Helens Church and the 18th century Swan Hotel which is the home of the celebrated Cheshire Hunt.

Tilston

A township in Tilston Parish, in the ancient Broxton Hundred which includes the hamlets of Hob Hill and Lowcross Hill and lies three miles northwest of Malpas and twelve miles from Chester. Tilston was a Romano-British settlement in the late 2nd century AD and was probably known as "Bovivum".
After the Norman Invasion of 1066, Chester and the surrounding townships offered stiff resistance and were the last of the English towns to submit. The vanquished and confiscated Saxon lands were given by William I to his nephew, Hugh Lupus (also known as Hugh the Wolf), who he also created Earl of Chester. He in turn gave parcels of his new possessions to his own faithful supporters, and the manor of Tilston was given to a Norman knight called Eynion - he was thereafter known as Sir Eynion de'Tilston. By the time of the Domesday Survey of 1086, Tilston appears to have been the largest and regarded as the most important of the townships around Chester. At that time it is recorded as being in the Barony of Malpas.
The ancient church of St. Mary's in the township, despite having been extensively restored in the late 19th century, largely dates from 1659 but there was a church on the site at least as early as the time of King Henry III in the mid 13th century.
By the end of the 19th century the Manor of Tilston belonged to Lord John Tollemache, whose family lived at nearby Peckforton Castle .

Warburton

A township and parish in the ancient Bucklow Hundred which includes the hamlet of Moss Brow. In 1933 the parish boundary was altered in order to follow the course of the Manchester Ship Canal and was transferred to Trafford Metropolitan Borough in the County of Greater Manchester in Local Government reorganisation in 1974, thereby taking it completely out of the County of Cheshire.
Warburton was also an ancient ecclesiastical Cheshire parish. It was in Bucklow poor law Union (which was called Altrincham Union until 1895). In 1920 part of it was added to Rixton with Glazebrook civil parish, Lancashire. In 1933 there was an exchange of areas with Rixton with Glazebrook civil parish, Lancashire.
Rare artifacts from the early Bronze Age, Iron Age and Roman periods of occupation as well as Saxon have been excavated in the district, suggesting settlements had existed here as far back as 2000 BC. Warburton or "Warburvium" as the Romans probably called it, played an important part as a bridgehead on the northern banks of the River Mersey, as Roman troops tied to push forward the invasion of Lancashire in the 1st century AD. Later, it became an affluent settlement with a large farmstead or villa being built in the area.
During Saxon times it was known as "Wareburghtune", named after the ancient St Werburgh's Church, rebuilt in the 12th century with later Tudor and Jacobean additions.
Around 1190, Norbertine White Canons from Normandy were given land in Warburton where they founded an abbey (the area now known as Abbey Croft).
It was at Warburton that a Toll Bridge was built over the Manchester Ship Canal, to accompany the original one that crossed the River Mersey at this point. Warburton retains much of this historic atmosphere, as well as many of its half-timbered houses and old farm buildings, which have been carefully preserved among the more recent residential developments which have taken place.

Warrington

Warrington traces its history back to the Bronze Age, when, around 1000 BC, communities are known to have existed at Grappenhall, Winwick and Croft, when it emerged as a safe crossing point over the River Mersey.
Romans Warrington was known as Veratinum which over time became an important centre for the manufacture of metal products, glass and pottery.
In the 5th Century Saxons had established a settlement nearby. The district of Thelwall had already been referred to in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in 919 AD, and by the time of the Domesday Survey of 1086 there was recorded an already exiting Saxon church dedicated to St Elphin. After the Norman Conquest, the Manor of Warrington was given to Paganus de Vilars, a Norman baron of the Boteler Family, who encouraged the rebuilding of the old Saxon town.
The town's market was recognised by Royal Charter in 1277. In 1495, the Earl of Derby built a stone bridge over the Mersey which survived until the early 19th century.
During the Civil Wars, in 1642, the Earl of Derby made Warrington his headquarters and in 1643 Parliamentarian forces led by Sir William Brereton attacked the town but were forced to retreat when the Earl of Derby set fire to the town centre. However, the town eventually fell and in 1648 Oliver Cromwell stayed in the town. After the Civil War new industries like sail making, pin-making and copper smelting were established.
Warrington expanded as an industrial centre, thanks to its strategic location on the Mersey and the building of the Sankey and Bridgewater Canals.
In 1847 the town acquired the status of a Municipal Borough and began extensive renewal of the town centre. In 1899 the town was made a County Borough, and grew wealthy by virtue of its new railway network and the building of the Manchester Ship Canal.
In 1968 Warrington was designated a 'New Town', and saw extensive developments at Risley, Great Sankey, Burtonwood and Appleton. In 1974, Local Government reorganisation brought many surrounding rural areas into the Borough, including Stockton Heath, Appleton, Lymm and Culcheth.
Warrington's location as a "crossover town" located as it is on the intersection of the M6, M56 and M62 motorways has been instrumental in attracting new industry to the area.
In 1998, the Borough Council was designated a Unitary Authority has made Warrington totally independent of Cheshire County Council control. The Borough's present population is around 180,000 people.

West Kirby

West Kirby is a township in West Kirby Parish, part of the old Norman Wirral Hundred. It was incorporated into Hoylake-cum-West Kirby Civil Parish in 1894 and was transferred to the newly created County of Merseyside as a result of Local Government reorganisation in 1974. It includes the hamlet of Darmonds Green. The township is on the north-west coast of the Wirral Peninsula, on the east side of the estuary of River Dee. The west side of the River Dee is North Wales. West Kirby is located about 12 miles from the City of Liverpool and about 20 miles from Chester.
The Domesday Survey of 1086 AD shows that at that time the lands belonged to Robert de Rodelent, to whom it had been granted after the Norman conquest. Rodelent is known to have made a grant of some of his land holdings to the Abbey of St. Ebruf in Normandy, who later sold them, as well as the church and the township, to the Abbey of St. Werburga in Chester.
The growth of modern West Kirby really began in 1886, when the wonder of the age - the steam engine - arrived. People began to realise that they could work across the Mersey in Liverpool during the day but escape to the cleaner, more peaceful and healthier surroundings of this part of Wirral to live. Hence, West Kirby became a major dormitory town for the Greater Merseyside conurbation. In 1871 Hoylake and West Kirby together had 2,118 residents; thirty years later this figure had increased fivefold to 10,991.
There is a small sandy beach which is probably the most popular windsurfing location in the North-west of England, and the township also has a Lifeboat Station. The adjacent Marine Lake is available all year for sailboarding, dinghy sailing and canoeing. The shore between the Marine Lake and Red Rocks is a high tide roost for thousands of wading birds and a Mecca for bird watchers. In the winter months Dunlin and Knot should be seen in their thousands with Bar Tailed Godwit, Ringed Plover and Grey Plover. The Marine Lake also hosts Goldeneye, Red-breasted Mergansers and Cormorants.

Wilmslow

Wilmslow was a civil parish created in 1894 from parts of Bollin Fee, Fulshaw and Pownall Fee. In 1936 the township was extended to include parts of the parishes of Cheadle & Gatley (now part of Stockport in Greater Manchester), Handforth and Styal. At that time part of Wilmslow parish was also transferred to Alderley Edge. Wilmslow included the hamlets of Carrwood, Colshaw, Davenport Green, Dean Row, Finney Green, Fulshaw Park, Harden Park, Hilltop, Hollinlane, Hough, Lacey Green, part of Lindow, Morley, Oversley, The Parsonage, Pownall Green, Shady Grove, Stanneyland and Styal.
Wilmslow is fairly well-to-do residential town in Cheshire, located about 12 miles of Manchester in the valleys of the River Dean and the River Bollin. The township was once an important stagecoach stop between London and Manchester.
Wilmslow is not mentioned in the Domesday Survey, and its place name is therefore difficult to define. The most likely theory of the place name is that it was the burial place of the first William de Bolyn, who was also known as Williams Lowe, and who changed his name to Wilmslowe. In medieval times the land was predominantly agricultural with a few large landowners. The district still has extensive parklands and an ancient map shows that Fulshaw and Morley were once densely wooded.
Nowadays, Wilmslow is a major dormitory area for Manchester and a much sought after and desirable area to live in, located as it is at the very southern edge of the Greater Manchester conurbation and surrounded on three sides by the rolling Cheshire countryside.

Wrenbury

The quiet country township of Wrenbury was a Parish in the old Nantwich Hundred which included the hamlets of Porters Hill, Wrenbury Heath and Wrenburywood. It is currently in the Wrenbury Ward of Crewe and Nantwich Borough Council, within the Cholmondeley Electoral Division of Cheshire County Council and in the Eddisbury Parliamentary Constituency.
It was recorded in the Domesday Book in 1086 as "Wareneberie" and changed its name to "Wrennebury" in 1230 which probably translates from old English as 'old forest inhabited by wrens'.
In the mid-14th century, during the reign of Edward III, the estate of Wrenbury was held by John de Wrenbury and passed through the female line to the Olton family and then to the Starkey family who lived at Wrenbury Hall.
In 1643, during the English Civil War, Wrenbury Hall served as accommodation for the Parliamentarian forces as they prepared for the fateful Battle of Nantwich in which Royalist troops were thoroughly routed.
The Starkey family and their descendants continued to hold the Hall and surrounding lands until 1920, when the Hall and about 164 acres of land were sold to Cheshire County Council.
The village itself has the fine church of St. Margaret's, which dates from about 1500, though a church has existed on the site since the 12th century. Wrenbury also boasts a delightful canal wharf at Wrenbury Mill, on its outskirts - part of the beautiful Llangollen Canal. It is now a canal hire boat company base and has a distinctive lifting road bridge across the canal alongside the celebrated Dusty Miller Pub Restaurant.

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This page last updated 6 Feb 12.